Lesson Plan: Genetic Engineering Biology

This lesson plan includes the objectives, prerequisites, and exclusions of the lesson teaching students how to describe the process of genetic engineering and discuss its positive and negative implications.


Students will be able to

  • define genetic engineering as the modification of the DNA of an organism,
  • describe the basic process of genetic engineering as removing a section of DNA from one organism and inserting it into the genome of another,
  • outline the role of restriction enzymes, DNA ligase, and DNA vectors in genetic engineering,
  • explain the advantages and disadvantages of genetic engineering in producing GM organisms and medicines.


Students should already be familiar with

  • DNA as the genetic material,
  • the basic structure of DNA.


Students will not cover

  • transcription and translation of genes.

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