Question Video: Creating Systems of Inequalities | Nagwa Question Video: Creating Systems of Inequalities | Nagwa

# Question Video: Creating Systems of Inequalities Mathematics • First Year of Secondary School

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A candy manufacturer has 30 kg of chocolate cookies and 60 kg of vanilla cookies. Sales will be made in two different combinations. The first combination will be one-quarter chocolate cookies and three-quarters vanilla cookies by weight, while the second combination will be half chocolate and half vanilla cookies by weight. There is a contract requiring that at least 20 kg of the second combination should be supplied to a specific bakery. Which of the following systems of inequalities represents the number of kilograms of the first and second combinations that will be sold? Let ๐ฅ be the number of kilograms of the first combination and ๐ฆ the number of kilograms of the second combination.

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### Video Transcript

A candy manufacturer has 30 kilograms of chocolate cookies and 60 kilograms of vanilla cookies. Sales will be made in two different combinations. The first combination will be one-quarter chocolate cookies and three-quarters vanilla cookies by weight, while the second combination will be half chocolate and half vanilla cookies by weight. There is a contract requiring that at least 20 kilograms of the second combination should be supplied to a specific bakery.

Which of the following systems of inequalities represents the number of kilograms of the first and second combinations that will be sold? Let ๐ฅ be the number of kilograms of the first combination and ๐ฆ the number of kilograms of the second combination. Is it (A) ๐ฅ plus two ๐ฆ is less than or equal to 120, three ๐ฅ plus two ๐ฆ is less than or equal to 240, ๐ฆ is greater than or equal to 20, ๐ฅ is greater than or equal to zero? Is it (B) ๐ฅ plus two ๐ฆ is less than or equal to 120, three ๐ฅ plus two ๐ฆ is less than or equal to 240, ๐ฆ is less than or equal to 20, ๐ฅ is greater than or equal to zero, ๐ฆ is greater than or equal to zero? Is it (C) ๐ฅ plus two ๐ฆ is greater than or equal to 120, three ๐ฅ plus two ๐ฆ is greater than or equal to 240, ๐ฆ is greater than or equal to 20, ๐ฅ is greater than or equal to zero? Then, we have option (D), ๐ฅ plus two ๐ฆ is less than or equal to 120, three ๐ฅ plus two ๐ฆ is less than or equal to 240, ๐ฆ is greater than or equal to 20. And (E) ๐ฅ plus two ๐ฆ is less than or equal to 120, three ๐ฅ plus two ๐ฆ is less than or equal to 240, and ๐ฅ is greater than or equal to 20.

Letโs go ahead and clear options (D) and (E) to create some space. We donโt need the systems of inequalities on screen because we can work them out ourselves. We want to find the systems of inequalities that satisfy the conditions for the number of kilograms of two different types of cookies. Now, usually in this sort of question, we would begin by defining our variables. But weโre told to let ๐ฅ be the number of kilograms of the first combination and to let ๐ฆ be the number of kilograms of the second. Now, of course, since weโre working with numbers of kilograms, we know these values must be nonnegative. That is, ๐ฅ is greater than or equal to zero and ๐ฆ is greater than or equal to zero.

But wait! Weโre actually told that thereโs a contract requiring at least 20 kilograms of the second combination should be supplied to this specific bakery. So, in fact, the inequality ๐ฆ is greater than or equal to zero is superfluous. We can instead specify that ๐ฆ is greater than or equal to 20. Now, letโs go back to our two combinations. Specifically, weโre told that the first combination will be one-quarter chocolate and the second will be half chocolate. Weโre also told that there are 30 kilograms of chocolate cookies. So the combination of this one-quarter chocolate and half chocolate can be no more than 30.

Now, since the first combination weighs ๐ฅ kilograms, the number of chocolate cookies in this combination is a quarter ๐ฅ or ๐ฅ over four. Similarly, the second combination weighs ๐ฆ kilograms. So, if weโre making it of half chocolate cookies, thatโs ๐ฆ over two. The total weight of chocolate cookies then is the sum of this, and this must be less than or equal to 30.

Letโs repeat this for the vanilla cookies. Weโre told that the first combination is three-quarters vanilla and the second is half vanilla, then that the total is no more than 60 kilograms. So this time we can represent the total weight of vanilla cookies as three ๐ฅ over four plus ๐ฆ over two. That, of course, must be less than or equal to 60.

We actually now have all of the relevant inequalities, but weโre going to create integer values throughout. To achieve this, we multiply both of these latter inequalities by four. That gives us ๐ฅ plus two ๐ฆ is less than or equal to 120 and three ๐ฅ plus two ๐ฆ is less than or equal to 240. And so the system of inequalities that represents the number of kilograms of our combinations are ๐ฅ plus two ๐ฆ is less than or equal to 120, three ๐ฅ plus two ๐ฆ is less than or equal to 240, ๐ฅ is greater than or equal to zero, and ๐ฆ is greater than or equal to 20. Comparing that to the original set of options, thatโs option (A).

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