Table of Contents

Working Scientifically
 Understanding Scientific Theories
 Health and Safety in Experiments
 Experimental Measurements
 Measurement Accuracy and Precision
 Measurement Uncertainty and Resolution
 Finding Average Values of Physical Quantities
 Units of Measured Quantities
 Representing Large Values of Physical Quantities
 Drawing Conclusions

Topic 1 • Energy
 Energy Conversions
 Kinetic Energy
 Gravitational Potential Energy
 Energy Conversion and Conservation
 Specific Heat Capacity
 Power and Energy
 Mechanical Power
 Conduction and Convection
 Efficiency
 Wind Power
 Geothermal Power
 Hydroelectric Power
 Tidal Power
 Energy from Fossil Fuels
 Nuclear Power
 Methods of Energy Production
 Topic 2 • Electricity
 Topic 3 • Particle Model of Matter
 Topic 4 • Atomic Structure

Topic 5 • Forces
 FreeBody Diagrams
 The Relationship between Mass and Weight
 Distinguishing Weight from Other Forces
 Systems of Unbalanced Forces
 Scale Diagrams
 Mechanical Work
 Deformation of Springs
 Elastic Potential Energy
 Torque of a Force
 Center of Mass
 Relating Force, Pressure, and Area
 Pressure Produced by Fluids
 Pascal’s Principle
 Buoyant Force
 Distance and Displacement
 Speed
 Units of Speed
 Velocity
 Acceleration over a Distance
 Acceleration over Time
 Graphing Speed
 Graphing Velocity
 Forces that Resist Motion
 Newton’s First Law of Motion
 Newton’s Second Law of Motion
 Newton’s Third Law of Motion
 Reaction Time
 Momentum
 Conservation of Momentum
 Applying Newton’s Third Law of Motion to Collisions

Topic 6 • Waves
 Comparing Transverse and Longitudinal Waves
 Calculating Wave Motion
 Refraction of Light
 Reflection of Light
 The Electromagnetic Spectrum
 Electron Energy Levels
 Electromagnetic Waves for Communication
 Applications of Electromagnetic Waves
 XRays in Medicine
 Interactions of Electromagnetic Waves with Matter
 Colors of Light
 Infrared Radiation
 Ray Tracing
 Convex Lenses
 Concave Lenses
 Image Production Using Lenses
 Sound Waves
 Seismic Waves
 Topic 7 • Magnetism and Electromagnetism
 Topic 8 • Space Physics
 Practical Skills
 Maths Skills
 Exam Help
 Reference