Lesson Worksheet: The Relationship between Division and Multiplication Mathematics

In this worksheet, we will practice identifying the relationship between multiplication and division and using models and related facts of some numbers to write and complete multiplication and division sentences.

Q1:

Let’s think about solving division problems.

Pick an equation that can help you solve 42÷6.

  • A8×6=42
  • B486=42
  • C36+6=42
  • D7×6=42

What is 42÷6?

Q2:

If 4×7=28, then 28÷4=.

Q3:

An inverse equation of 2×4=8 is 8÷4=2.

Find an inverse equation of 6×3=18.

  • A18÷4=6
  • B18÷3=6
  • C18÷4=3
  • D18÷3=2

Q4:

A number, when multiplied by 3, gives 18. Complete the equation to find the number: ÷=.

  • A18÷3=6
  • B18÷3=5
  • C18÷3=8
  • D18÷3=7

Q5:

Division is the inverse of multiplication.

Use Abeer’s fact to solve Hassan’s problem.

Q6:

We can use multiplication to solve division problems.

Pick a model that would help you solve 27÷3.

  • A
  • B
  • C
  • D

What is 27÷3?

Q7:

Which of these is an inverse equation of 6×4=24?

  • A4×6=24
  • B24÷4=6
  • C64=2
  • D6+4=10

Q8:

Which of these is an inverse equation of 54÷9=6?

  • A9×6=54
  • B54÷6=9

Q9:

Find the missing numbers.

3 rows of triangles = 21 triangles.

  • A8
  • B7
  • C18
  • D6

So, 21÷=3.

Q10:

Find the missing numbers by making 6 equal groups from these 54 books.

6×=54.

54÷6=.

54÷9=.

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