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Lesson Worksheet: Characteristics of Philosophical Thinking Philosophy
In this worksheet, we will practice identifying four characteristics of philosophical thinking.
Which of the following is a core characteristic of philosophical thinking?
What did wonder inspire Socrates to do?
- AInterrogate people who had a reputation for wisdom
- BPursue fame and fortune
- CBetray Athens by selling secrets to Sparta
- DRefuse to eat
- EGo around barefoot and unwashed
Which of the following describes an argument in the philosophical sense?
- AAn emotionally charged disagreement with a colleague
- BAn emotional appeal to try to get someone to change their mind
- CA fight with a family member over chores
- DReasons put forward to compel someone to accept a belief
- EA friendly, unstructured exchange of opinions
Aristotle and Plato both say that philosophy begins with wonder. Can philosophy also lead to more wonder?
Fill in the blank: The distinction between true and is important in philosophy.
How does contemplation facilitate philosophical thinking?
- AIt allows us to think that other people’s ideas are not important.
- BIt allows us to give things our attention.
- CIt helps us ignore our own feelings.
- DIt helps us realise that nothing in life really matters.
- EIt allows us to detach from all practical concerns.
Complete the following: Any rules of or limits to philosophical thinking come from .
- Athe ancient philosophers
- Cphilosophy professors
Does being intellectually independent mean ignoring what other people think?
- AYes, ignoring what other people think is the first step to attaining intellectual independence.
- BNo, in order to be intellectually independent, it is crucial to refute the arguments of anyone you disagree with.
- CNo, intellectual independence can only be attained by listening to what other people say and making up your own mind.
- DNo, paying attention to other people’s beliefs is irrelevant to intellectual independence.
- EYes, you can only make up your own mind if you shut out the opinions of others.
What does intellectual independence mean?
- AComing to your own conclusions
- BIgnoring other people’s opinions
- CDenying the legitimacy of other people’s views
- DBelieving what authorities say
- EArguing against people who disagree with you
True or False: A philosopher engaged in contemplation stops caring about the world.