Worksheet: Types of Solid

In this worksheet, we will practice identifying simple molecular, giant covalent, ionic, and metallic materials and comparing their physical properties.

Q1:

Which of the following is not a solution?

  • AIron
  • BSyrup
  • CSaline
  • DSteel
  • EBrine

Q2:

Which one of the following is true for solids?

  • ASolids are made of only one type of atom.
  • BSolids keep their shape without a container to support them.
  • CAll solids are made of atoms in a regular lattice.
  • DSolids can only be mixed with other solids.
  • ESolids cannot be compressed.

Q3:

Which of the following is true for liquids?

  • AThe particles in a liquid do not move, but vibrate really fast.
  • BA liquid can condense to form a gas.
  • CWhen a solid melts, the formed liquid has less energy than the solid did.
  • DAll materials can form a liquid.
  • EThe particles in a liquid are free to move around each other, making it flow and take the shape of its container.

Q4:

Which of the following is true for gases?

  • AAll reactions produce some form of gas as a by-product.
  • BGases are much denser than liquids or solids.
  • CGases condense above a critical temperature.
  • DGases expand spontaneously to occupy the maximum available space.
  • EAtoms in a gas always bond to form diatomic molecules.

Q5:

Would the structure of liquid methanol be classified as simple molecular, giant covalent, or ionic?

  • AGiant covalent
  • BSimple molecular
  • CIonic

Q6:

Would the structure of sodium chloride be classified as simple molecular, giant covalent, or ionic?

  • AGiant covalent
  • BSimple molecular
  • CIonic

Q7:

Would the structure of diamond be classified as simple molecular, giant covalent, or ionic?

  • AIonic
  • BSimple molecular
  • CGiant covalent

Q8:

The structures of most compounds can be classified as simple molecular, giant covalent, ionic, or metallic. All but one of the following compounds exhibit the same type of structure. For which compound is a different type of structure observed?

  • A M g B r 2
  • B N a C l
  • C A l C l 3
  • D C H 4
  • E L i H

Q9:

Which of the following, at room temperature and pressure, is an example of a covalent network solid?

  • AMagnesium
  • BArgon
  • CSilicon
  • DSodium chloride
  • ECarbon dioxide

Q10:

Which of the following, at room temperature and pressure, is an example of a molecular solid?

  • ASilver nitrate
  • BEthanol
  • CSugar
  • DCarbon dioxide
  • EAluminum

Q11:

Which of the following, at room temperature and pressure, is an example of an ionic solid?

  • ASilver
  • BHydrogen
  • CCarbon dioxide
  • DHydrogen chloride
  • EBarium chloride

Q12:

Which of the following, at room temperature and pressure, is an example of a metallic solid?

  • AIron
  • BCarbon
  • CPhosphorus
  • DOxygen
  • EMercury

Q13:

What term is used to describe a solid that does not possess a crystalline structure?

  • AIrregular
  • BAcrystalline
  • CMessy
  • DAmorphous
  • EDisordered

Q14:

Which group of the Periodic Table contains non-metallic elements capable of forming atomic crystals?

  • AGroup 3
  • BGroup 13
  • CGroup 18
  • DGroup 15
  • EGroup 1

Q15:

The molecules in a molecular crystal may be bound together by a range of intermolecular forces. Which of the following is not an interaction between molecules in a molecular crystal?

  • ADispersion forces
  • BHydrogen bonds
  • CDipole-dipole forces
  • DCovalent bonds

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