# Worksheet: Pressure Produced by Fluids

In this worksheet, we will practice using the formula p = ρgh to calculate the pressure produced at different depths by different fluids that gravity acts on.

**Q5: **

A hollow container with a cross-sectional area of
25 m^{2} is suspended from a cable in
a sealed room. Air is pumped into the room until the air pressure is
5.7 atmospheres. The
air inside the container is at a pressure of
1.2 atmospheres. Find the net force on the
outer surface of the container, using a value of
101 kPa for one atmosphere.

**Q6: **

Two identical steel ball bearings are dropped into two different liquids and .
Liquid has a density of 1,200 kg/m^{3}
and liquid has a density of 1,500 kg/m^{3}.
How many times deeper does the ball bearing have to fall into liquid to be subject to the same pressure as the ball bearing in liquid
?

**Q7: **

Which of the following formulas correctly shows the relationship between the pressure exerted by a fluid, the height of the fluid above the point at which pressure is measured, the density of the fluid, and the gravitational acceleration rate ?

- A
- B
- C
- D
- E

**Q8: **

The hull of a sunken boat, laying on the seabed, is
12 m
below the surface
of the sea, where the sea water has an average density of
1,025 kg/m^{3}.
The hull’s surface area is
15 m^{2}.
What is the
total force exerted by seawater on the hull?

**Q9: **

In a well, a
0.35 m high bucket
full to the brim with water of density
1,000 kg/m^{3}
is supported by a
rope. The bucket is dropped into the well and its fall is slowed by the tension
in the rope. During the bucket’s fall, the pressure on its base is
2 310 Pa.
At
what rate does the bucket accelerate down the well?

**Q10: **

The pressure exerted by an oil at a depth of 2.5 m is 36,750 Pa. What is the density of the oil?

**Q11: **

What is the pressure exerted by water at
a depth of 2.5 m?
Use a value of
1,000 kg/m^{3}
for the density of
water.

**Q12: **

Two different gases,
gas A and gas B,
form bubbles in a container of water where chemical reactions are occurring.
Many bubbles are released upward at different speeds for different gases.
The pressure on the bubbles of both types of gas is equal when the bubbles
are of the same size.
The bubbles of gas A and gas B have the same size when the bubbles of gas
A are
2.5 cm
below the surface of the water and the bubbles of gas B are
7.5 cm below
the surface of the water.
The water in the container has
different average densities at different depths as the amount
of gas dissolved in the water is different at different depths.
The density of the water
2.5 cm
below the surface is
900 kg/m^{3}.
What is the density of the water
7.5 cm
below the surface?

**Q13: **

The difference in pressure a liquid exerts at different depths is shown in the graph. To the nearest kilogram per cubic meter, find the density of the liquid. Estimate the line of best fit for the graph to do this.

**Q14: **

The pressure of a gas on the opposite sides of a horizontal section of the wall of a container is shown in the diagram. The greater pressure is exerted on the inside of the container.

What is the net outward pressure exerted on that section?

What is the net force exerted on that section?

**Q15: **

A submarine in the sea can dive to a depth where the
pressure exerted by the water on the submarine is ten atmospheres. The sea
water has a density of 1,025 kg/m^{3}.
Find the maximum safe depth to
which the submarine can dive, rounded to one decimal place, using a value of 101 kPa as the pressure of one atmosphere.

**Q16: **

The magnitude of the atmospheric pressure at different heights above sea level is shown in the diagram. The atmospheric pressure is shown at sea level and at a height at which the atmospheric pressure is 0.5 times the atmospheric pressure at sea level. One atmosphere of pressure is equivalent to 101 kPa of pressure.

How does the atmospheric pressure change as the height above sea level increases?

- AThe atmospheric pressure increases.
- BThe atmospheric pressure is constant.
- CThe atmospheric pressure decreases.

How does the rate of change of the atmospheric pressure change as the height above sea level increases?

- AThe rate of change of atmospheric pressure is constant.
- BThe rate of change of atmospheric pressure decreases.
- CThe rate of change of atmospheric pressure increases.

What is the atmospheric pressure at the sea level, to the nearest kilopascal?

What is the atmospheric pressure at the top of Earth’s atmosphere, to the nearest kilopascal?

Is the height at which the atmospheric pressure is 0.5 times the atmospheric pressure at sea level more than, less than, or exactly half way from sea level to the top of the atmosphere?

- AMore than halfway
- BLess than halfway
- CExactly halfway

**Q17: **

The magnitude of the atmospheric pressure at different heights above sea level is shown in the diagram. The atmospheric pressure is shown at two heights and , where . The change in the pressure between the top of Earth’s atmosphere and is equal to . The change in the pressure between and is equal to .

How does the atmospheric pressure change as the height above sea level decreases?

- AThe atmospheric pressure decreases.
- BThe atmospheric pressure is constant.
- CThe atmospheric pressure increases.

How does the rate of change of the atmospheric pressure change as the height above sea level decreases?

- AThe rate of change of atmospheric pressure increases.
- BThe rate of change of atmospheric pressure decreases.
- CThe rate of change of atmospheric pressure is constant.

Is greater than, less than, or the same as ?

- A
- B
- C

**Q18: **

A diver swims in water of density 1,015 kg/m^{3},
as shown in the diagram. What is the difference between the water pressure at the diver’s head and at his feet?
Answer to the nearest pascal.