Worksheet: Linear Momentum
In this worksheet, we will practice identifying the definition of linear momentum as the product of the mass and the net linear velocity of an object or a system.
A skater of mass 40 kg is carrying a box of mass 5.0 kg. The skater has a speed of 5.0 m/s with respect to the floor and is gliding without any friction on a smooth surface.
Find the momentum of the box with respect to the floor.
Find the momentum of the box with respect to the floor after she puts the box down on the frictionless skating surface.
A hockey puck of mass 150 g is sliding due east on a frictionless table with a speed of 10 m/s. Suddenly, a constant force of magnitude 5.0 N and direction due north is applied to the puck for 1.5 s.
Find the northward component of the hockey puck’s momentum at the end of the 1.5 s interval.
Find the eastward component of the hockey puck’s momentum at the end of the 1.5 s interval.
A rainstorm drops rain to a depth of 1.4 cm over an area of 15 km2 in a period of 4,788 s. Take the terminal velocity of a raindrop to be 10 m/s. What is the vertically downward momentum of the rain that falls per second? Take the density of water to be kg/m3.
- A kg⋅m/s
- B kg⋅m/s
- C kg⋅m/s
- D kg⋅m/s
- E kg⋅m/s
Two canoers, each of mass 65 kg, paddle in a single canoe of mass 52 kg. The canoe moves at a velocity of 1.5 m/s with respect to the water, in the same direction as the water. The water flows at a velocity of 3.2 m/s with respect to a stretch of land. What is the momentum of the canoe with respect to the stretch of land?