Nagwa uses cookies to ensure you get the best experience on our website. Learn more about our Privacy Policy.

Start Practicing

Worksheet: Telescopes

Q1:

What is the angular magnification of a telescope that has a 100 cm-focal length objective and a 2.50 cm-focal length eyepiece?

  • A 4 4 x
  • B 3 6 x
  • C 4 8 x
  • D 4 0 x
  • E 5 0 x

Q2:

A 7.5x binocular produces an angular magnification of 7 . 5 0 , acting like a telescope. (Mirrors are used to make the image upright.) If the binoculars have objective lenses with a 75.0-cm focal length, what is the focal length of the eyepiece lenses?

Q3:

Two stars that are 1 0 9 km apart are viewed by a telescope and found to be separated by an angle of 1 0 5 radians . If the eyepiece of the telescope has a focal length of 1.5 cm and the objective has a focal length of 3 meters, how far away are the stars from the observer?

  • A 4 × 1 0 1 6 km
  • B 1 × 1 0 1 6 km
  • C 6 × 1 0 1 6 km
  • D 2 × 1 0 1 6 km
  • E 1 × 1 0 1 7 km

Q4:

A planet at a distance of 1 0 1 2 m from Earth is observed by a telescope that has a focal length of the eyepiece of 1 cm and a focal length of the objective of 1 cm. The planet is seen to subtend an angle of 1 0 5 rad at the eyepiece. What is the size of the planet?

  • A 4 × 1 0 5 m
  • B 2 × 1 0 5 m
  • C 6 × 1 0 5 m
  • D 1 × 1 0 5 m
  • E 9 × 1 0 5 m

Q5:

A large reflecting telescope has an objective mirror with a 10.0-m radius of curvature. What angular magnification does it produce when a 3.00 m-focal length eyepiece is used?

  • A 1 5 0 x
  • B 1 3 3 x
  • C 1 7 5 x
  • D 1 6 7 x
  • E 1 8 8 x

Q6:

A telescope can be used to enlarge the diameter of a laser beam and limit diffraction spreading. The laser beam is sent through the telescope in the direction opposite to the normal one and can then be projected onto a satellite or the Moon. This is done with a telescope, producing a 3.50 m diameter beam of 630 nm wavelength light.

What is the minimum angular spread of the beam produced?

  • A 4 . 7 8 × 1 0 7 rad
  • B 2 . 3 6 × 1 0 7 rad
  • C 1 . 9 8 × 1 0 7 rad
  • D 2 . 2 0 × 1 0 7 rad
  • E 3 . 3 5 × 1 0 7 rad

Neglecting atmospheric effects, find the size of the spot this beam would make on the Moon. Use a value of 4 . 0 0 × 1 0 8 m for the distance to the Moon.

Q7:

In a reflecting telescope, the objective is a concave mirror of radius of curvature 4.0 m and the eyepiece is a convex lens of focal length 6.0 cm. Find the apparent size of a 5.0 m tree at 20 km that you would perceive when looking through the telescope.