Worksheet: The Structure of the Periodic Table

In this worksheet, we will practice explaining the arrangement of groups and periods in the periodic table in terms of valency and electron configuration.

Q1:

Which of the following is an actinide?

  • ALanthanum
  • BLutetium
  • CLead
  • DLivermorium
  • ELawrencium

Q2:

Which of the following is a lanthanide?

  • APotassium
  • BPolonium
  • CProtactinium
  • DPraseodymium
  • EPlutonium

Q3:

Which of the following is a main group element?

  • AUranium
  • BPhosphorus
  • CZinc
  • DAmericium
  • EManganese

Q4:

Which of the following is a p-block element?

  • ACerium
  • BHydrogen
  • CNickel
  • DLead
  • EBarium

Q5:

Which of the following is a poor metal?

  • AGermanium
  • BTin
  • CZinc
  • DSilicon
  • EMercury

Q6:

In which group of the periodic table do atoms have a valence shell electron configuration of (𝑛1)𝑛ds?

Q7:

In which group of the periodic table do atoms have a valence shell electron configuration of 𝑛𝑛sp?

Q8:

Which group of elements in the periodic table is chlorine an example of?

  • ALanthanides
  • BHalogens
  • CPnictogens
  • DNoble gases
  • EChalcogens

Q9:

Which group of elements in the periodic table is calcium an example of?

  • ARare earth metals
  • BAlkali metals
  • CAlkaline earth metals
  • DTransition metals
  • EMetalloids

Q10:

Which group of elements in the periodic table is sodium an example of?

  • AActinides
  • BAlkali metals
  • CRare earth metals
  • DLanthanides
  • EAlkaline earth metals

Q11:

Which group of elements in the periodic table is sulfur an example of?

  • AChalcogens
  • BMetalloids
  • CPnictogens
  • DHalogens
  • EPosttransition metals

Q12:

Which group of elements in the periodic table is krypton an example of?

  • AHalogens
  • BPnictogens
  • CRare earth metals
  • DActinides
  • ENoble gases

Q13:

Which group of elements in the periodic table is selenium an example of?

  • AChalcogens
  • BNoble gases
  • CAlkaline earth metals
  • DPosttransition metals
  • EPnictogens

Q14:

Which group of elements in the periodic table is barium an example of?

  • ANoble metals
  • BPosttransition metals
  • CAlkali metals
  • DAlkaline earth metals
  • ELanthanides

Q15:

Which group of elements in the periodic table is lithium an example of?

  • AAlkaline earth metals
  • BAlkali metals
  • CActinides
  • DNoble metals
  • ERare earth metals

Q16:

Which element is a noble gas and in the same period as germanium?

  • ABromine
  • BKrypton
  • CNeon
  • DIodine
  • EArgon

Q17:

Which element is an alkaline earth metal and in the same period as selenium?

  • ASulfur
  • BStrontium
  • CPotassium
  • DBarium
  • ECalcium

Q18:

Which element is a halogen and in the same period as lithium?

  • AOxygen
  • BChlorine
  • CHelium
  • DHydrogen
  • EFluorine

Q19:

Which element is a chalcogen and in the same period as cadmium?

  • AAntimony
  • BTellurium
  • CMercury
  • DIodine
  • ESelenium

Q20:

Which of the following generally decreases across a period?

  • ARadius of the most stable ion
  • BIonization energy
  • CEffective nuclear charge
  • DAtomic radius
  • EElectron affinity

Q21:

If the following elements were found in a binary ionic compound as monoatomic ions, what would their charge most likely be?

M g

  • A4+
  • B3+
  • C0
  • D2+
  • E+

A l

  • A3+
  • B4+
  • C0
  • D2+
  • E+

O

  • A 2
  • B0
  • C
  • D 4
  • E 3

C l

  • A 4
  • B0
  • C 3
  • D 2
  • E

C s

  • A0
  • B4+
  • C3+
  • D+
  • E2+

Q22:

Which of the following elements would most commonly form positive ions in a binary ionic compound?

  • A O
  • B S
  • C P
  • D C d
  • E F

Q23:

Which of the following elements would most commonly form negative ions in a binary ionic compound?

  • A C s
  • B A l
  • C I
  • D I n
  • E P b

Q24:

In which group of the periodic table do atoms have a valence shell electron configuration of 𝑛𝑛sp?

Q25:

In which group of the periodic table do atoms have a valence shell electron configuration of (𝑛1)𝑛ds?

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