Worksheet: Alcohols

In this worksheet, we will practice writing and interpreting the names and formulas of alcohols and describing their physical and chemical properties.

Q1:

When ethanol is made industrially, a catalyst is used to accelerate the combination of ethene with one other reactant. What is the name of that reactant?

  • ACarbon dioxide
  • BOxygen
  • CWater
  • DSodium hydroxide
  • EHydrogen peroxide

Q2:

What is the name of the alcohol product when but-2-ene is reacted with steam in the presence of a catalyst?

  • AButan-2-ol
  • BButyl butanoate
  • CButan-1-ol
  • DButan-3-ol
  • EButanoic acid

Q3:

Which of the following alcohols has the strongest intermolecular forces?

  • A
    H C H O C H H H C H H C H H H
  • B
    C H C H O H H O H H
  • C
    C H H O H H
  • D
    H C H C H H O H H
  • E
    C C H C O H H C H C H H H H C H H H H

Q4:

In which of the following ways is the reaction of sodium with an alcohol the same as the reaction of sodium with water?

  • ABoth reactions generate carbon dioxide.
  • BBoth reactions produce sodium hydroxide.
  • CBoth reactions produce an acid.
  • DBoth reactions produce alkoxides.
  • EBoth reactions generate hydrogen.

Q5:

One organic compound X is produced by the double oxidation of ethanol, according to the equation: CHCHOH+2[O]X+HO322.

What is the molecular formula of compound X?

  • A C H C H 3 3
  • B C H O H 3
  • C C H C H 2 2
  • D C H C H O 3
  • E C H C O O H 3

What is the name of compound X?

  • AEthene
  • BEthanol
  • CEthanoic acid
  • DEthane
  • EEthanal

Q6:

What is the displayed structure of the major organic product when propan-1-ol reacts with excess acidified potassium dichromate solution?

  • A
    C H C H H C H H H H H
  • B
    C C H H H C H H H O
  • C
    C H H C H C O H H H
  • D
    C C H H H C H H O O H

Q7:

Which functional group is present in an alcohol?

  • A H O
  • B C O O H
  • C C H 3
  • D O H
  • E C l

Q8:

Which of the following is the structural formula of an alcohol?

  • A
    C H C H H H
  • B
    H C C H
  • C
    C H Cl C H H H H
  • D
    H C C H H H H O C H H C H H H
  • E
    H C C H H H O H H

Q9:

What is the full name of the molecule shown?

  • AButane
  • BButyl oxide
  • CButan-1-ol
  • DButene
  • EButan-2-ol

Q10:

What is the name of the molecule shown?

  • APropanol
  • BEthene
  • CPropane
  • DMethanol
  • EEthanol

Q11:

What is the molecular formula of the alcohol molecule shown?

  • A C H 4 1 0
  • B C H O 4 1 0
  • C C H O 4 1 2
  • D C H O 4 8
  • E C H O

Q12:

What is the gas produced when sodium reacts with ethanol?

  • AHydrogen
  • BCarbon dioxide
  • CSteam
  • DOxygen
  • ECarbon monoxide

Q13:

What type of reaction removes a water molecule from an alcohol, leaving an unsaturated hydrocarbon?

  • AOxidation
  • BDehydration
  • CReduction
  • DAddition
  • ECombustion

Q14:

Which of the following alcohols is the most soluble in water?

  • AEthanol
  • BPropan-1-ol
  • CHexan-1-ol
  • DButan-2-ol
  • EButan-1-ol

Q15:

When ethanol vapor is passed over a hot catalyst, which two products are formed?

  • AEthene and hydrogen
  • BEthene and water
  • CEthanoic acid and water
  • DCarbon dioxide and water
  • EEthane and water

Q16:

Which of the following alcohols is the most flammable?

  • AButan-1-ol
  • BEthanol
  • CMethanol
  • DButan-2-ol
  • EPropan-1-ol

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