Worksheet: Alcohols

In this worksheet, we will practice writing and interpreting the names and formulas of alcohols and describing their physical and chemical properties.

Q1:

When ethanol is made industrially, a catalyst is used to accelerate the combination of ethene with one other reactant. What is the name of that reactant?

  • ACarbon dioxide
  • BOxygen
  • CWater
  • DSodium hydroxide
  • EHydrogen peroxide

Q2:

What is the name of the alcohol product when but-2-ene is reacted with steam in the presence of a catalyst?

  • AButan-2-ol
  • BButyl butanoate
  • CButan-1-ol
  • DButan-3-ol
  • EButanoic acid

Q3:

Which of the following alcohols has the strongest intermolecular forces?

  • A
    HCHOCHHHCHHCHHH
  • B
    CHCHOHHOHH
  • C
    CHHOHH
  • D
    HCHCHHOHH
  • E
    CCHCOHHCHCHHHHCHHHH

Q4:

In which of the following ways is the reaction of sodium with an alcohol the same as the reaction of sodium with water?

  • ABoth reactions generate carbon dioxide.
  • BBoth reactions produce sodium hydroxide.
  • CBoth reactions produce an acid.
  • DBoth reactions produce alkoxides.
  • EBoth reactions generate hydrogen.

Q5:

Which functional group is present in an alcohol?

  • AHO
  • BCOOH
  • CCH3
  • DOH
  • ECl

Q6:

Which of the following is the structural formula of an alcohol?

  • A
    CHCHHH
  • B
    HCCH
  • C
    CHClCHHHH
  • D
    HCCHHHHOCHHCHHH
  • E
    HCCHHHOHH

Q7:

What is the full name of the molecule shown?

  • AButane
  • BButyl oxide
  • CButan-1-ol
  • DButene
  • EButan-2-ol

Q8:

What is the name of the molecule shown?

  • APropanol
  • BEthene
  • CPropane
  • DMethanol
  • EEthanol

Q9:

What is the molecular formula of the alcohol molecule shown?

  • ACH410
  • BCHO410
  • CCHO412
  • DCHO48
  • ECHO

Q10:

What is the gas produced when sodium reacts with ethanol?

  • AHydrogen
  • BCarbon dioxide
  • CSteam
  • DOxygen
  • ECarbon monoxide

Q11:

What type of reaction removes a water molecule from an alcohol, leaving an unsaturated hydrocarbon?

  • AOxidation
  • BDehydration
  • CReduction
  • DAddition
  • ECombustion

Q12:

Which of the following alcohols is the most soluble in water?

  • AButan-2-ol
  • BHexan-1-ol
  • CButan-1-ol
  • DPropan-1-ol
  • EEthanol

Q13:

When ethanol vapor is passed over a hot catalyst, which two products are formed?

  • AEthene and hydrogen
  • BEthene and water
  • CEthanoic acid and water
  • DCarbon dioxide and water
  • EEthane and water

Q14:

Which of the following alcohols is the most flammable?

  • AButan-1-ol
  • BEthanol
  • CMethanol
  • DButan-2-ol
  • EPropan-1-ol

Q15:

Which of the following alcohols is the most volatile?

  • APentanol
  • BPropanol
  • CButanol
  • DEthanol
  • EMethanol

Q16:

Which of the following alcohols is the most viscous?

  • AMethanol
  • BEthanol
  • CHexanol
  • DButanol
  • EPropanol

Q17:

Which of the following is the product of reacting methanol with sodium metal?

  • ACHNa22
  • BCHONa2
  • CHCOONa
  • DCHONa3
  • ECHNa3

Q18:

Which of the following alcohols has the highest boiling point?

  • AHexanol
  • BMethanol
  • CButanol
  • DEthanol
  • EPropanol

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