Worksheet: Diabetes

In this worksheet, we will practice comparing the causes, risk factors and treatments for type 1 and type 2 diabetes.

Q1:

Why are type 1 diabetics advised to inject insulin around 15–30 minutes before eating a meal?

  • ASo the glucose can be broken down as soon as it is consumed
  • BSo the glucose already present in the body can be broken down before ingesting more
  • CSo the glycogen can be broken down as soon as it is consumed

Q2:

What is the most common method for treating type 1 diabetes?

  • AA zero-sugar diet
  • BInjecting glucagon under the skin
  • CHormone replacement therapy
  • DInjecting insulin under the skin
  • ETaking insulin tablets

Q3:

What is the cause of type 1 diabetes?

  • AThe cells in the body recognize insulin as foreign material and attack it.
  • BThe cells in the body do not respond to insulin as normal.
  • CThe pancreas releases too much insulin for the body to respond to.
  • DThe pancreas produces some insulin, but not enough.
  • EThe insulin-producing cells in the pancreas have been destroyed and no longer release insulin.

Q4:

The data in the graph provided shows how the percentage of obese adults in the UK has changed over time.

Which of the following best describes the trend shown in the graph?

  • AAs the years increase, the percentage of adults who are obese decreases.
  • BAs the years increase, the percentage of adults who are obese increases.

Why might doctors be concerned with this data?

  • AThere is a strong correlation between obesity and the rate of development of type 1 diabetes.
  • BThere is a strong correlation between obesity and the rate of development of type 2 diabetes.

Q5:

The graph provided shows BMI category compared to the relative risk of people in that category developing type 2 diabetes.

What is the correlation between BMI and type 2 diabetes?

  • AThe lower the BMI, the higher the risk of developing type 2 diabetes.
  • BThe higher the BMI, the higher the risk of developing type 2 diabetes.
  • CThere is no correlation between BMI and type 2 diabetes.

Q6:

The graph provided shows the fluctuations in blood glucose levels throughout a typical day for an untreated diabetic and a nondiabetic.

Which colored line shows the fluctuations for a nondiabetic?

  • AGreen
  • BRed
  • CBoth

Which colored line shows the fluctuations for a diabetic?

  • AGreen
  • BRed
  • CBoth

Around what time did both study subjects eat lunch?

  • A4 pm
  • B12 pm
  • C2 pm

Q7:

Some type 1 diabetics can follow a flexible insulin regime. This is when the amount of insulin taken can be adjusted to suit their needs.

A person using a flexible insulin regime is planning on eating a large meal for lunch. How will this affect the volume of insulin they need to inject?

  • AThey will need to inject more, as there will be large amounts of glucose in the blood.
  • BThey will need to inject the exact same volume of glucose at all times.
  • CThey will need to inject less, as there will be small amounts of glucose in the blood.

Q8:

A waist-to-hip ratio can be calculated by taking the circumference of a person’s waist and dividing it by that of their hips. Having a waist-to-hip ratio close to, or over, 1 may increase the risk of developing type 2 diabetes.

Which person in the table provided is at the highest risk of developing type 2 diabetes?

PersonWaist (cm)Hip (cm)
A92108
B6392
C79105
D6084
  • AA
  • BC
  • CD
  • DB
  • EAll are equally likely to develop type 2 diabetes.

Q9:

Some type 1 diabetics can follow a flexible insulin regime. This is when the amount of insulin taken can be adjusted to suit their needs.

A person using a flexible insulin regime plays two games of football on a Saturday morning. How will this affect the amount of insulin they will need to be injected with before lunch?

  • AThey will need to inject less, as their muscle cells will have broken down a large amount of glucose during cellular respiration.
  • BThey will need to inject more, as their muscle cells will have broken down a large amount of insulin during cellular respiration.
  • CThe amount of insulin injected will not change, but they will need to take the injections immediately before the games.

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