Worksheet: Animal and Plant Cells

In this worksheet, we will practice recalling the main sub-cellular structures of animal and plant cells, and describing their functions.

Q1:

State the organelle being described:

This subcellular structure contains the majority of the genetic material of a plant or animal cell and controls the cell’s activities.

  • ACell membrane
  • BChloroplast
  • CVacuole
  • DCytoplasm
  • ENucleus

Q2:

Which of the following organelles is not found in animal cells?

  • ACell wall
  • BCell membrane
  • CNucleus
  • DMitochondria

Q3:

State the organelle being described:

This is a layer that acts as a barrier for an animal or plant cell, selectively allowing some substances to move in and out of the cell.

  • ANuclear membrane
  • BCell membrane
  • CCytoplasm
  • DVacuole
  • ECell wall

Q4:

Which of the following organelles is found in the majority of both plant and animal cells?

  • AChloroplast
  • BCell wall
  • CLarge vacuole
  • DCell membrane

Q5:

The diagram provided shows a basic outline of a plant cell.

What organelle is represented by 𝑌?

  • AChloroplast
  • BNucleus
  • CCell wall
  • DVacuole

What organelle is represented by 𝑋?

  • ACytoplasm
  • BChloroplast
  • CVacuole
  • DNucleus

Q6:

Which of the following best explains why plant cells contain chloroplasts but human body cells do not?

  • APlant cells require chloroplasts to act as the sites of protein synthesis, but human body cells synthesize proteins in their ribosomes.
  • BPlant cells require chloroplasts to store the majority of their genetic material, but human body cells store their genetic material in the nucleus.
  • CPlant cells require chloroplasts to carry out respiration, but human body cells do not respire.
  • DPlant cells require chloroplasts to carry out photosynthesis, but human body cells do not photosynthesize.
  • EThis is incorrect; human body cells do contain chloroplasts.

Q7:

The diagram provided shows a basic outline of an animal cell.

What cellular component is represented by W?

  • AMitochondria
  • BNucleus
  • CCell membrane
  • DCytoplasm

What organelle is represented by Z?

  • ACytoplasm
  • BMitochondria
  • CCell wall
  • DCell membrane

Q8:

The diagram provided shows the basic outline of a plant cell.

What organelle is represented by label Z?

  • ACytoplasm
  • BNucleus
  • CVacuole
  • DMitochondria

What organelle is represented by label W?

  • AMitochondria
  • BChloroplast
  • CVacuole
  • DCytoplasm

Q9:

Which organelles are described as subcellular structures that have the primary function of synthesizing proteins in the cell?

  • ACell membranes
  • BMitochondria
  • CRibosomes
  • DChloroplasts

Q10:

The diagram provided shows the basic outline of an animal cell.

What organelle is represented by label Y?

  • ACytoplasm
  • BNucleus
  • CChloroplast
  • DMitochondria

What organelle is represented by label X?

  • AMitochondria
  • BCytoplasm
  • CVacuole
  • DNucleus

Q11:

Which of the following best explains why both plant and animal cells contain cell membranes?

  • ABoth animal and plant cells have cell membranes to act as the site of protein synthesis.
  • BBoth animal and plant cells have selectively permeable cell membranes to control which substances can enter and leave the cell.
  • CBoth animal and plant cells have cell membranes to store and organize their genetic material.
  • DBoth animal and plant cells have cell membranes that contain cellulose to provide structure and support for the cell.
  • EThis is incorrect; only animal cells have cell membranes.

Q12:

Which of the following best explains why both animal cells and plant cells contain mitochondria?

  • ABoth animal cells and plant cells require mitochondria to act as the site for protein synthesis, which provides crucial proteins and genetic instructions for the cell.
  • BBoth animal cells and plant cells require mitochondria to store the majority of genetic material in the cell, which controls the cell’s actions and functions.
  • CBoth animal cells and plant cells require mitochondria to carry out aerobic respiration, which provides energy for the cell.
  • DBoth animal cells and plant cells require mitochondria to carry out photosynthesis, which provides energy for the cell.
  • EThis is incorrect; only animal cells contain mitochondria.

Q13:

State the organelle being described:

Only found in plant cells, this subcellular structure contains a green pigment to capture sunlight and harness its energy for photosynthesis.

  • ACytoplasm
  • BVacuole
  • CRibosomes
  • DCell wall
  • EChloroplast

Q14:

State the organelle being described:

Only found in plants cells, this is a layer made of cellulose that surrounds the cell to provide structure and support.

  • AChloroplast membrane
  • BVacuole
  • CChloroplast wall
  • DCell membrane
  • ECell wall

Q15:

State the organelle being described:

This subcellular structure is found in both animal and plant cells and is the site for the majority of the reactions involved in aerobic respiration.

  • ACytoplasm
  • BRibosomes
  • CChloroplast
  • DMitochondria
  • ECell membrane

Q16:

A student views a group of cells under a microscope. The image they see is provided. Based on this image, which type of cells are they more likely to be viewing?

Cell structure Hydrilla
  • AAnimal cells
  • BPlant cells
  • CIt cannot be concluded from the information provided.

Q17:

A student views a group of cells under a microscope. The image they see is provided. Based on this image, which of the following types of cells are they more likely viewing?

Group of cells under a microscope
  • APlant cell
  • BAnimal cell
  • CIt cannot be concluded from the information provided.

Q18:

State the organelle being described:

Found in all plant cells, this subcellular structure is full of cell sap and helps maintain the structure of the cell.

  • ANucleus
  • BCell wall
  • CVacuole
  • DCell membrane
  • EChloroplast

Nagwa uses cookies to ensure you get the best experience on our website. Learn more about our Privacy Policy.