Lesson Worksheet: Animal and Plant Cells Biology

In this worksheet, we will practice recalling the main sub-cellular structures of animal and plant cells and describing their functions.

Q1:

State the organelle being described:

This is a layer that acts as a barrier for an animal or plant cell, selectively allowing some substances to move in and out of the cell.

  • ANuclear membrane
  • BCell membrane
  • CCytoplasm
  • DVacuole
  • ECell wall

Q2:

State the organelle being described:

This subcellular structure contains the majority of the genetic material of a plant or animal cell and controls the cell’s activities.

  • ACell membrane
  • BChloroplast
  • CVacuole
  • DCytoplasm
  • ENucleus

Q3:

The diagram provided shows a basic outline of a plant cell.

What organelle is represented by Y?

  • AChloroplast
  • BNucleus
  • CCell wall
  • DVacuole

What organelle is represented by X?

  • ACytoplasm
  • BChloroplast
  • CVacuole
  • DNucleus

Q4:

Which of the following organelles is found in the majority of both plant and animal cells?

  • AChloroplast
  • BCell wall
  • CLarge vacuole
  • DCell membrane

Q5:

Which of the following organelles is not found in animal cells?

  • ACell wall
  • BCell membrane
  • CNucleus
  • DMitochondria

Q6:

Which of the following best explains why plant cells contain chloroplasts but human body cells do not?

  • APlant cells require chloroplasts to act as the sites of protein synthesis, but human body cells synthesize proteins in their ribosomes.
  • BPlant cells require chloroplasts to store the majority of their genetic material, but human body cells store their genetic material in the nucleus.
  • CPlant cells require chloroplasts to carry out respiration, but human body cells do not respire.
  • DPlant cells require chloroplasts to carry out photosynthesis, but human body cells do not photosynthesize.
  • EThis is incorrect; human body cells do contain chloroplasts.

Q7:

Which organelles are described as subcellular structures that have the primary function of synthesizing proteins in the cell?

  • ACell membranes
  • BMitochondria
  • CRibosomes
  • DChloroplasts

Q8:

The diagram provided shows the basic outline of a plant cell.

What organelle is represented by label Z?

  • ACytoplasm
  • BNucleus
  • CVacuole
  • DMitochondria

What organelle is represented by label W?

  • AMitochondria
  • BChloroplast
  • CVacuole
  • DCytoplasm

Q9:

The diagram provided shows a basic outline of an animal cell.

What cellular component is represented by W?

  • AMitochondria
  • BNucleus
  • CCell membrane
  • DCytoplasm

What organelle is represented by Z?

  • ACytoplasm
  • BMitochondria
  • CCell wall
  • DCell membrane

Q10:

The diagram provided shows the basic outline of an animal cell.

What organelle is represented by label Y?

  • ACytoplasm
  • BNucleus
  • CChloroplast
  • DMitochondria

What organelle is represented by label X?

  • AMitochondria
  • BCytoplasm
  • CVacuole
  • DNucleus

This lesson includes 8 additional questions for subscribers.

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