Lesson Worksheet: Changes to Earth's Surface: Erosion, Weathering, and Deposition Science • 2nd Grade

In this worksheet, we will practice identifying, classifying, and describing slow changes to Earth’s surface.


Choose the correct definition of weathering.

  • AThe process where rocks are dissolved, worn away, or broken down
  • BThe process where rocks are moved from one place to another by ice, water, wind, or gravity


Erosion can be caused by wind, water, and ice. Which of the following can also cause erosion?

  • AGravity
  • BTemperature


Changes to the surface of Earth can happen quickly or slowly. Which of the given changes is a slow change?

  • AErosion
  • BA landslide
  • CAn earthquake
  • DA volcanic eruption


The photograph shows Antelope Canyon in Arizona. What has caused the weathering of the rocks?

Antelope Canyon-72 ppi
  • AWind
  • BFlood water
  • CSnow


The photograph shows a U-shaped valley in Austria, Europe. What caused the erosion of the valley into the U shape?

U-shaped valley in Austria
  • AA glacier
  • BWind
  • CGravity
  • DRain


The coastline shown in the image has been eroded by the ocean. Would this change occur quickly or over a long period of time?

  • AOver a long period of time
  • BQuickly


The photograph shows the Perito Moreno Glacier in Argentina. How do glaciers cause erosion of the land?

The Perito Moreno Glacier in Argentina - 72 ppi
  • AAs glaciers move, pieces of rock freeze to the glacier and are carried away.
  • BAs glaciers move, they push the land apart and create valleys.


The surface of Earth is changing all the time. Erosion can change the shape of the land over time. What is erosion?

Earth equirectangular
  • AWhen rocks and minerals are broken apart or worn away.
  • BWhen rocks, minerals, and soil are moved to a new place.


The photograph shows part of the Grand Canyon. How was the Grand Canyon formed?

Grand Canyon National Park-72 ppi
  • AThe Grand Canyon was formed by erosion caused by the wind.
  • BThe Grand Canyon was formed by erosion caused by the Colorado River.


Which of these types of weather are associated with high pressure?

  • ADry clear weather
  • BWarm stormy weather
  • CCloudy wet weather
  • DWet windy weather

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