Lesson Worksheet: Applications of Radioactivity Science

In this worksheet, we will practice identifying applications of nuclear radiation.

Q1:

Which of the following statements correctly describes how the emission of nuclear radiation by decaying atomic nuclei can be used in electricity generation?

  • AThe energy of the particles and waves emitted as nuclear radiation can be transferred to thermal energy.
  • BBatteries that transfer the chemical energy of the emitted nuclear radiation to electrical energy can be made.

Q2:

Which of the following statements correctly describes how energy from nuclear radiation is used in electricity generation?

  • AEnergy from nuclear radiation is used to produce electromagnetic waves.
  • BEnergy from nuclear radiation is used to boil water.

Q3:

Which of the following statements correctly describes a problem associated with using nuclear energy for electricity generation?

  • AA nuclear reactor can explode like a nuclear bomb.
  • BRadioactive waste is produced.

Q4:

Which of the following is a current agricultural use of nuclear radiation?

  • AProducing useful mutations in plants
  • BTransferring energy to plants and animals to make them grow faster

Q5:

Which of the following is a current use of nuclear radiation in space exploration?

  • APropelling rockets
  • BProtecting astronauts from cosmic rays
  • CTransferring energy of nuclear radiation to thermal energy

Q6:

Which of the following is not an application of nuclear radiation?

  • AHeating substances
  • BProducing images of the insides of objects
  • CProducing mutations
  • DProducing radio waves

Q7:

Which of the following most correctly describes the difference between the radioactive materials used as fuel in nuclear power stations and the radioactive waste produced by these power stations?

  • AThe radioactive materials used as fuel in nuclear power stations release energy slower than the radioactive waste produced by these power stations.
  • BThe radioactive materials used as fuel in nuclear power stations release energy faster than the radioactive waste produced by these power stations.
  • CThere is no difference between the radioactive materials used as fuel in nuclear power stations and the radioactive waste produced by these power stations.

Q8:

Can nuclear energy be used to generate electricity to power towns and cities?

  • AYes
  • BNo

Q9:

Which of the following is a use of nuclear radiation in the manufacturing of objects?

  • AGenerating electricity in the objects
  • BHeating the objects
  • CShowing the positions of bacteria on the objects

Q10:

Which of the following most correctly describes a medical application of radioactivity that is similar to the industrial application of radioactivity of finding defects within manufactured objects?

  • AShowing positions of cells inside a body
  • BKilling cells
  • CProducing mutations in cells

This lesson includes 15 additional questions for subscribers.

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