Worksheet: Colors of Light
In this worksheet, we will practice describing the reflection, transmission, absorption of light of different colors, and the relation between colors and light wavelengths.
An object is struck by a beam of white light containing all the colors of the visible spectrum, as shown in the diagram. Some colors are reflected from the object, some are transmitted through the object, and some are absorbed by the object. Assume that all the colors of light in the beam contain the same amount of energy as each other.
What percentage of the energy in the incident light ray does the object reflect? Answer to one decimal place.
What percentage of the energy in the incident light ray does the object absorb? Answer to one decimal place.
What color will an object that emits only red, orange, and yellow light appear if viewed through the shown object?
What color will an object that emits only red, orange, and yellow light appear if viewed reflected from the object?
The visible light spectrum is shown in the diagram. and are the longest and shortest visible wavelengths.
What is in nanometers?
- A900 nm
- B400 nm
- C600 nm
- D700 nm
- E200 nm
What is in nanometers?
- A500 nm
- B400 nm
- C700 nm
- D300 nm
- E100 nm
Different colors of light correspond to different wavelengths of light. The waves shown in the diagram are of blue, orange, green, red, and indigo light, so they have different wavelengths from each other.
Which color of light is shown with a much longer wavelength than it would actually have, compared to the other colors of light shown?
Which color of light is shown with a much shorter wavelength than it would actually have, compared to the other colors of light shown?
A rock made of an unknown material is seen as green in color when white light from the Sun shines on it. The rock is taken to a lightless room in which the rock cannot be seen. Red light is then reflected from the rock, which is now seen as black in color. The rock also appears black in color when violet light is shone on it. When the rock is returned to a sunlit environment, it is again seen as green-colored. Which of the following statements most correctly explains the apparent changes in the color of the rock?
- AThe rock only absorbs green light.
- BWhen the rock absorbed sunlight, this altered the color of the rock.
- CWhen the rock was removed from sunlight, this altered the color of the rock.
- DThe rock only reflects green light.
A rock is black in color. When electromagnetic radiation above visible frequencies is shone on the rock, the rock is seen as blue in color. The rock appears the same blue color regardless of whether there is any visible light in its surroundings. Which of the following statements most correctly explains the apparent changes in the color of the rock?
- AThe rock absorbs only blue light.
- BThe rock does not reflect any visible light.
- CThe rock reflects all colors of light.
- DThe rock reflects only blue light.
An object appears black in color when seen in sunlight. The same object is illuminated by a mixture of equally bright orange and yellow light and is viewed through a red filter. In what color does the object appear?