Worksheet: Motion of a Charged Particle in a Magnetic Field
In this worksheet, we will practice calculating the magnitude of the force that acts on a charged particle moving in a magnetic field.
A positive charge moves within regions containing magnetic fields, moving perpendicular to those fields. The moving charge is subject to magnetic forces, as shown in the cases (a), (b), and (c).
In what direction is the magnetic field aligned in case (a)?
In what direction is the magnetic field aligned in case (b)?
In what direction is the magnetic field aligned in case (c)?
A negative charge moves within regions containing magnetic fields, moving perpendicular to those fields. The moving charge is subject to magnetic forces, as shown in the cases (a), (b), and (c).
In what direction does the negative charge move to produce the force on it that is shown in case (a)?
In what direction does the negative charge move to produce the force on it that is shown in case (b)?
In what direction does the negative charge move to produce the force on it that is shown in case (c)?
A water droplet has a mass of g and an electric charge of C. The water droplet is placed in a uniform magnetic field created in a laboratory. The uniform magnetic field points horizontally in the direction, and the gravitational field of Earth points downwards in the direction. If the droplet is given an initial horizontal velocity of m/s, what must the magnitude of the magnetic field be to keep it moving in this direction? Use a value of 9.8 m/s2 for the acceleration due to gravity.
- B T
- C T
- E T
An alpha-particle has a mass of kg and a charge of C. The alpha-particle travels in a circular path of radius 25 cm in a uniform magnetic field of magnitude 1.5 T.
What is the speed of the particle?
- A m/s
- B m/s
- C m/s
- D m/s
- E m/s
What is the kinetic energy of the particle?
- A eV
- B eV
- C eV
- D eV
- E eV
Through what potential difference must the particle be accelerated in order to follow the path that it moves along?
An oxygen-16 ion with a mass of kg travels at m/s perpendicular to a 1.20-T magnetic field. The ion moves in a circular arc with a 0.231-m radius.
What is the magnitude of the charge of the ion?
- A C
- B C
- C C
- D C
- E C
How many times greater is the magnitude of the charge of the ion than the magnitude of the charge of an electron?
A proton, deuteron, and an alpha-particle are all accelerated through the same potential difference. These particles enter the same magnetic field, all of them moving perpendicular to the field. Assume that the mass of a deuteron is exactly twice that of a proton and the mass of an alpha-particle is exactly twice that of a deuteron.
What is the ratio of the radii of the circular paths followed by the proton and by the deuteron?
What is the ratio of the radii of the circular paths followed by the proton and by the alpha-particle?
Viewers of Star Trek have heard of an antimatter drive on the Starship Enterprise. One possibility for such a futuristic energy source is to store charged antiparticles in a vacuum chamber using a magnetic field. The antiparticles can be extracted to annihilate them with normal particles in order to convert their masses to energy. What magnitude magnetic field is needed to maintain antiprotons moving at m/s in a circular path of radius 3.75 m? Antiprotons have the same mass and magnitude of charge as protons, but negative rather than positive.
The magnitudes of the magnetic and electric fields in the velocity selector of a Bainbridge mass spectrometer are T and V/m, respectively, and the magnitude of the magnetic field that separates the ions emitted from the velocity selector is 0.750 T. A stream of singly charged Na ions is found to bend in a circular arc of radius 7.64 cm. What is the mass of the Na ions?
- A kg
- B kg
- C kg
- D kg
- E kg
A particle with charge-to-mass ratio C/kg is in the atmosphere of a planet with no natural magnetic field. The particle is moving toward the center of the planet at a speed of m/s as it enters an artificial uniform magnetic field of magnitude 0.75 T that is horizontal and directed from east to west.
What is the radius of the circular path that the particle follows while in the magnetic field?
What is the speed of the particle after it has moved in the field for s?
- A m/s
- B m/s
- C m/s
- D m/s
- E m/s
A uniform magnetic field of magnitude is directed parallel to the -axis. A proton enters the field, moving with a velocity m/s, and travels in a helical path with a radius of 4.8 cm.
What is the magnitude of ?
What is the period of the particle’s motion along the -axis?
- A s
- B s
- C s
- D s
- E s
What is the distance of the particle from the point that it entered the field after it has moved in the field for s?
A proton moves at m/s in the positive -direction as it crosses the -axis at the position at an instant . There is a negatively charged particle fixed at the origin, and a uniform magnetic field points in the positive -direction. The proton moves along a circular path of radius 3.0 cm about . If the charge is the same magnitude as the charge of the proton, what is the magnitude of ?
A particle’s path is curved when it passes through a region of nonzero magnetic field, but its speed remains unchanged. This is very useful for beam steering in particle accelerators. A proton of speed m/s enters a region of uniform magnetic field of magnitude 0.40 T that extends throughout a region of width 6.0 cm. The magnetic field direction is perpendicular to the velocity of the particle. Through what angle will the path of the proton change from the point that the particle enters the region containing the field to the point that it leaves the region?
A physicist performing a sensitive measurement within Earth’s magnetic field wants to limit the magnetic force on a moving charged particle in her equipment to less than N. What is the greatest magnitude of charge the particle can have if it moves at a maximum speed of 45.2 m/s? Take Earth’s magnetic field at the location of the experiment to be 25.0 µT.
- A C
- B C
- C C
- D C
- E C