In this worksheet, we will practice calculating the packing efficiencies of crystal lattices from the atomic or ionic radii and the Bravais lattice type.
Which of the following elemental materials contains the fewest atoms per unit volume?
- AArsenic (density 5.73 g/cm3)
- BSilicon (density 2.33 g/cm3)
- CRed phosphorus (density 2.34 g/cm3)
- DGermanium (density 5.32 g/cm3)
- ECadmium (density 8.65 g/cm3)
A metal has an atomic packing density of . Which type of lattice do the metal atoms form?
- ASimple cubic
- BFace-centered cubic
- CHexagonal close-packed
- DBody-centered cubic
- EDiamond cubic
Calculate to the nearest percent the packing density of the carbon atoms in diamond.
Which of the following lattice structures has the lowest packing density?
- ABody-centered cubic
- BSimple cubic
- CFace-centered cubic
- DDiamond cubic
- EHexagonal close-packed
In a face-centred cubic ionic lattice, cations of element occupy half of the octahedral holes between anions of element . The mass of the ion is 66.57% less than the mass of the ion. As a percentage of the total mass, how much of the material is made up of element ?
In a close-packed system, what percentage of the unit cell is occupied by holes?
In a hexagonal close-packed system, the metal atom caps are arranged in an pattern.