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Lesson Worksheet: Analysis, Synthesis, Abstraction, and Generalization Philosophy

In this worksheet, we will practice explaining four philosophical thinking skills: analysis, synthesis, abstraction, and generalization.

Q1:

If there is a chair in front of you and you abstract from it, what do you have on your mind?

  • AA list of the characteristics of the chair
  • BA prediction of what will happen to the chair if you sit on it
  • CA mental image of that particular chair
  • DAn idea of a chair in general

Q2:

Which of the following is a philosophical thinking skill?

  • AFree association
  • BDenial
  • CRearrangement
  • DClinical trial
  • ESynthesis

Q3:

What is generalization?

  • AThe alteration of the characteristics of a particular thing in order to make it more perfect
  • BThe identification of the total set of characteristics of something
  • CThe elimination of characteristics of a particular thing up to the point at which it is no longer recognizable
  • DThe prediction of how the characteristics of a particular thing will change over time
  • EThe identification of the shared characteristics of a group of things

Q4:

True or False: To think of a human being in the abstract is to think of a human that is not short or tall, male or female, or in any other way any one particular human.

  • AFalse
  • BTrue

Q5:

What is abstraction?

  • AThe elimination of characteristics of a particular thing up to the point at which it is no longer recognizable
  • BThe prediction of how the characteristics of a particular thing will change over time
  • CThe alteration of the characteristics of a particular thing in order to make it more perfect
  • DThe conception of a kind of thing in general rather than any particular examples of it
  • EThe identification of the total set of characteristics of something

Q6:

How does a mechanic employ synthesis while repairing an engine?

  • ABy putting the engine back together after fixing it
  • BBy inventing a new kind of engine that will avoid the original problem
  • CBy comparing a malfunctioning engine to working engines
  • DBy taking the engine apart to find out what the problem is
  • EBy identifying the type of engine and the type of problem they are dealing with

Q7:

What is synthesis?

  • AThe identification of the essential qualities of a group of things
  • BThe classification of something in terms of a larger system
  • CThe comparison of the qualities of two distinct things in order to discover their similarities
  • DBreaking a whole into its parts
  • EThe combination of distinct things into a coherent whole

Q8:

How can analyzing a problem help solve it?

  • AIt can make the problem seem smaller by showing us the big picture.
  • BIt can help by making the problem more manageable.
  • CIt can help by making the problem more complicated.
  • DIt can help by helping us put part of the problem off until later.
  • EIt can help us explain to others why the problem should go away.

Q9:

What is analysis?

  • ABreaking a whole into its parts in order to understand it
  • BThe identification of the essential qualities of a group of objects
  • CThe classification of something in terms of a larger system
  • DThe comparison of the qualities of two distinct things in order to discover their similarities
  • EThe combination of parts into a coherent whole

Q10:

When scientists frame laws on the basis of repeated observations of the same phenomena, which of the following philosophical thinking skills are they employing?

  • ADebate
  • BSkepticism
  • CGeneralization
  • DAbstraction
  • ECriticism

This lesson includes 11 additional questions for subscribers.

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