Worksheet: Muscles and Movement

In this worksheet, we will practice on how to recognize that humans have skeletons for movement.

Q1:

Which of these is the muscle that pumps blood around the body?

  • AThe lungs
  • BThe heart
  • CThe kidneys
  • DThe tongue

Q2:

Muscles work in pairs. When we move a joint, one muscle gets shorter (contracts) and the other gets longer (relaxes).

When you bend your arm as shown, which muscle contracts?

  • ABiceps
  • BTriceps

What happens to the triceps muscle when the arm is bent?

  • AIt contracts.
  • BIt relaxes.

Q3:

Muscles and joints allow our bodies to move. This joint is called the elbow.

What part is shown in the label marked A?

  • ATendon
  • BJoint
  • CLigament

Tendons attach muscles to the bone. Which labels show the tendons?

  • AA and C
  • BA and B
  • CB and C

Q4:

This lady is doing an exercise called yoga. Which muscles is she mainly using to stretch her upper body?

Young woman practicing yoga-72 ppi
  • ABiceps and triceps
  • BStomach and back muscles
  • CHamstrings and quadriceps

Q5:

Look closely at the diagram of Anthony’s arm.

Which muscle contracts (shortens) when Anthony bends his arm?

  • AThe biceps
  • BThe radius
  • CThe triceps

Which muscle contracts when Anthony straightens his arm?

  • AThe biceps
  • BThe ulna
  • CThe triceps

Q6:

The diagram shows some of the body’s main muscles.

Which two muscles are used to climb up the stairs?

  • ACalf and thigh
  • BAbdominal and pectoral
  • CCalf and abdominal

Which muscles are used to smile?

  • APectoral muscles
  • BShoulder muscles
  • CJaw muscles

Q7:

Our bodies have three different types of muscle. What name is given to the heart muscle that pumps blood around the body and keeps us alive?

  • ACardiac muscle
  • BSkeletal muscle
  • CSmooth muscle

Q8:

The image shows an elbow joint.

What is attached to the bones to help the arm bend?

  • AMuscles
  • BShoulders
  • CSkin

Q9:

Natalie is lifting weights at the gym. Which part of Natalie’s arm pulls her forearm upwards?

Female arm lifting dumbbells-72 ppi
  • AMuscles
  • BLigaments
  • CElbow
  • DTendons

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