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Lesson Worksheet: Five Patterns of Thinking Philosophy
In this worksheet, we will practice recognizing and distinguishing between superstitious, religious, philosophical, scientific, and creative thinking.
Which of the following is a key characteristic of philosophical thought?
Who can benefit from creative thinking?
What is the attitude of Islam toward superstition?
- AIslam resists magical or supernatural explanations for natural phenomena.
- BSuperstitious explanations for natural phenomena are a core part of the Islamic faith.
- CIslam is ambivalent toward superstition.
- DIslam embraces magical or supernatural explanations for natural phenomena.
- EIslam denies the existence of the supernatural.
What kinds of explanations does scientific thinking try to provide?
- AIndirect explanations
- BExplanations of the purposes of things
- CConvenient explanations
- DWhatever explanation will win an argument
- ECausal explanations
What kind of explanations are sought in philosophical thinking?
- AContradictory explanations
- BSuperficial explanations
- CComprehensive explanations
- EPartial explanations
Which of the following does not describe the use of creative thinking?
- AImagining a better way to build society
- BConstructing an airtight rational argument to demonstrate the truth of a theory
- CFinding an original solution to a persistent problem
- DUsing imagination to think of a different way to organize a project
- EMaking connections between unrelated concepts in order to explain an idea
What is the principle of sufficient reason with respect to entities?
- AEverything exists whether or not there is a sufficient reason for its existence.
- BNothing exists unless there is a sufficient reason for its existence.
- CEverything exists unless there is a sufficient reason against its existence.
- DNothing requires a sufficient reason for its existence.
What do all patterns of thinking have in common?
- AOnly the most intelligent people can use them.
- BThey all require original thought.
- CThey are all based on the use of senses.
- DThey are all concerned with explaining the world and figuring out how to live.
- EThey all follow formal religious teachings.
How are superstitious beliefs formulated?
- ABy finding sound reasons
- BThere is no rule regarding how superstitious beliefs are formulated.
- CBy performing experiments
- DBy consulting religious texts
Suppose you take medicine to get rid of a headache and the headache goes away. Why can you not make the scientific claim that the medicine caused the headache to get better?
- AThe medicine only tricks you into thinking that the headache has gotten better.
- BYou cannot tell if you have a headache or not.
- CYour headache might have gotten better for some other reason.
- DHeadache medicine does not really work.