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Lesson Worksheet: Five Patterns of Thinking Philosophy

In this worksheet, we will practice recognizing and distinguishing between superstitious, religious, philosophical, scientific, and creative thinking.


Which of the following is a key characteristic of philosophical thought?

  • ADifficulty
  • BSpontaneity
  • CRationality
  • DComedy
  • EPiety


Who can benefit from creative thinking?

  • ABureaucrats
  • BScientists
  • CEntrepreneurs
  • DPainters
  • EEveryone


What is the attitude of Islam toward superstition?

  • AIslam resists magical or supernatural explanations for natural phenomena.
  • BSuperstitious explanations for natural phenomena are a core part of the Islamic faith.
  • CIslam is ambivalent toward superstition.
  • DIslam embraces magical or supernatural explanations for natural phenomena.
  • EIslam denies the existence of the supernatural.


What kinds of explanations does scientific thinking try to provide?

  • AIndirect explanations
  • BExplanations of the purposes of things
  • CConvenient explanations
  • DWhatever explanation will win an argument
  • ECausal explanations


What kind of explanations are sought in philosophical thinking?

  • AContradictory explanations
  • BSuperficial explanations
  • CComprehensive explanations
  • DExcuses
  • EPartial explanations


Which of the following does not describe the use of creative thinking?

  • AImagining a better way to build society
  • BConstructing an airtight rational argument to demonstrate the truth of a theory
  • CFinding an original solution to a persistent problem
  • DUsing imagination to think of a different way to organize a project
  • EMaking connections between unrelated concepts in order to explain an idea


What is the principle of sufficient reason with respect to entities?

  • AEverything exists whether or not there is a sufficient reason for its existence.
  • BNothing exists unless there is a sufficient reason for its existence.
  • CEverything exists unless there is a sufficient reason against its existence.
  • DNothing requires a sufficient reason for its existence.


What do all patterns of thinking have in common?

  • AOnly the most intelligent people can use them.
  • BThey all require original thought.
  • CThey are all based on the use of senses.
  • DThey are all concerned with explaining the world and figuring out how to live.
  • EThey all follow formal religious teachings.


How are superstitious beliefs formulated?

  • ABy finding sound reasons
  • BThere is no rule regarding how superstitious beliefs are formulated.
  • CBy performing experiments
  • DBy consulting religious texts


Suppose you take medicine to get rid of a headache and the headache goes away. Why can you not make the scientific claim that the medicine caused the headache to get better?

  • AThe medicine only tricks you into thinking that the headache has gotten better.
  • BYou cannot tell if you have a headache or not.
  • CYour headache might have gotten better for some other reason.
  • DHeadache medicine does not really work.

This lesson includes 15 additional questions for subscribers.

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