Lesson Worksheet: Factors in Faulty Thinking Philosophy

In this worksheet, we will practice identifying some factors of faulty thinking.


Which of the following is likely to contribute to faulty reasoning?

  • ACarefulness
  • BRationality
  • CStrong convictions
  • DIntolerance
  • EOpen-mindedness


We all have emotions as well as the capacity for reason. What relationship between reason and emotions is likely to contribute to faulty thinking?

  • AMaintaining a delicate balance between reason and emotions
  • BAllowing emotions to overwhelm one’s reason
  • CRecognizing the validity of one’s emotions
  • DKeeping one’s emotions firmly under control
  • EFinding the right moments to express emotions


How does an intellectually intolerant person approach disagreement?

  • AThey disagree with people whose beliefs are irrational.
  • BThey refuse to listen to people whose beliefs conflict with their own.
  • CThey refuse to listen to people who disagree with them when there are more urgent things to do.
  • DThey stand up for their own beliefs.
  • EThey disagree with people whose beliefs conflict with their own.


Which of the following describes an excessively suggestible person?

  • ASomeone who is open to listening to opposing views
  • BSomeone who agrees with whatever they are told
  • CSomeone who refuses to talk to anyone who disagrees with them
  • DSomeone who never changes their mind
  • ESomeone who considers their opponents’ reasons


Which of the following describes an irrational way to form judgments?

  • AForming a judgment before you have sufficient evidence
  • BForming a judgment when you have sufficient evidence
  • CBelieving what you are told by experts
  • DTrusting your judgment when you have good reasons to be confident
  • ESuspending judgment until you have sufficient evidence


“Natalie does not really like you,” Noah told Madison. If Madison believes Noah without asking him why he thinks that Natalie does not like her, what is wrong with her thinking?

  • AShe is trying to understand a problem that is too difficult for her.
  • BShe is being intolerant.
  • CShe is confused by the ambiguity of the language.
  • DShe is allowing herself to be suggestible.


When does language happen to contribute to faulty thinking?

  • AWhen its meaning is ambiguous
  • BWhen the people communicating with each other want different things
  • CWhen we do not want to hear what someone is trying to tell us
  • DWhen we choose our words carefully
  • EWhen we are too angry with someone to listen to what they have to say


True or False: It is possible for a person to avoid all objective factors that contribute to faulty thinking.

  • ATrue
  • BFalse


Why does the ambiguous meaning of words sometimes contribute to faulty thinking?

  • ABecause we have to use so many words to express a single thought
  • BBecause different words can mean the same thing
  • CBecause the same words can mean different things
  • DBecause people are not willing to spend the time necessary to understand what we really mean


Complete the following: A rational person .

  • Adoes not care about the feelings of others
  • Bsuppresses their emotions
  • Callows their emotions to overcome their reason
  • Ddoes not have any emotions
  • Emakes decisions and assessments based on reason

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