Worksheet: Prediction Using Probability

In this worksheet, we will practice predicting the actions of a larger group using a sample and classifying different sampling methods.

Q1:

A random sample of 80 school students were asked to vote for their preferred sport and the results are shown in the table. If the whole school contains 700 students, how many are expected to prefer football?

Game Football Basketball Table Tennis Swimming
Number of Students 32 24 8 16

Q2:

A survey of 80 students found that 40 students preferred biology, 24 preferred chemistry, and 16 preferred physics. If there are 200 students in the whole school, how many are expected to prefer biology based on the results of the survey?

Q3:

A sample of 330 people was taken to study the level of education of members in a society. If the ratio of males to females in the sample is 3 2 : , find the number of males in the sample.

Q4:

A school has 500 students; 320 of them are boys. To select students for a survey, a stratified sample of 25 students will be taken. How many boys and how many girls will be selected by the sample?

  • A12 boys, 13 girls
  • B18 boys, 7 girls
  • C64 boys, 36 girls
  • D16 boys, 9 girls

Q5:

A company wants to survey its employees to measure job satisfaction. The company has 300 employees, and the management wants 9 % of the employees to participate. Determine the number of the employees who will participate.

Q6:

A factory produces 3 different models of cars every year: 673 of the first model, 514 of the second model, and 213 of the third model. If the manager wants to select a sample of 1 4 % of all the cars for inspection, how many cars will be in the sample?

Q7:

The table shows the results from a survey where 20 students from a school were asked to pick their favourite fruit from 3 options. By calculating the experimental probability that a student’s favourite fruit is an orange, calculate how many of the 400 students in the school, would choose an orange as their favourite.

Fruit Apple Banana Orange
Number of Students 10 2 8
  • A40
  • B200
  • C240
  • D160
  • E8

Q8:

The numbers of students of a university in the first, second, third, and fourth years are 1‎ ‎000, 5‎ ‎000, 8‎ ‎000, and 6‎ ‎000 respectively. Given that 700 students were selected randomly to participate in a contest and the number of students selected from each year is proportional to the total number of students in that year, how many third-year students were selected?

Q9:

A factory owner wishes to conduct a survey of 675 employees. The owner wants a sample size of 8 % . How many employees will be in the sample?

Q10:

There are 1,000 employees work at a company. The manager wishes to conduct a survey and needs to ask a sample of 9 % of the employees. Determine the number of employees who will participate.

Q11:

A sample of 96 people was taken to study the level of education of members in a society. If the ratio of males to females in the sample is 3 1 : , find the number of males and females in the sample.

  • A32 males, 96 females
  • B48 males, 48 females
  • C32 males, 64 females
  • D72 males, 24 females

Q12:

A manufacturer of energy-saving light bulbs claims that the lifespan of their bulbs is between 10 000 and 15 000 hours. Is this figure a sample statistic or a population characteristic?

  • Aa sample statistic
  • Ba population characteristic

Q13:

A principal wishes to conduct a survey at their school. There are 400 students at the school, and the principal wants 1 1 % of them to participate in the survey. Determine the number of students who will participate.

Q14:

A manufacturing company is to conduct a survey of the 1‎ ‎000 employees at its factory. The management wants 1 1 % of the employees to participate. Determine the number of employees who will participate.

Q15:

A student wants to research the amount of pocket money students in his middle school receive.

Which of the following would be the best way to get a representative sample of the population?

  • Aasking 50 students from his same grade how much pocket money they receive
  • Basking all the students in the school how much pocket money they receive
  • Casking the teachers of each class how much pocket money they think the children in their class receive
  • Dasking 20 students from each grade how much pocket money they receive
  • Easking all the students from different schools how much pocket money they receive

Q16:

Which of the following will give a representative sample?

  • AA market research company wants to find out how much waste people recycle, so they survey 100 people at the city recycling drop-off location.
  • BA health organization wants to investigate the reasons people go to the emergency room, so questionnaires are handed out to a random sample of people waiting in the emergency room in a large hospital on a Monday morning.
  • CA student wants to find out how many students at their school enjoy math classes, so they give a questionnaire to everyone at math club.
  • DIn a school, student representatives from each grade ask a random sample of 20 students from across their grade about how they travel to school.
  • EA teacher wants to find out how many students in his class enjoy swimming, so he hands out a questionnaire to everyone at his school.

Q17:

A drug company conducted a trial to find out if migraine symptoms in females, aged 25 to 40, lessened after they took a new drug. The people in the trial found that the number of migraines they experienced was halved.

Which of the following inferences would the company make from their results?

  • AThe drug halves the number of migraines in 25-to-40-year-olds.
  • BThe drug halves the number of migraines in females.
  • CThe drug halves the number of migraines in females between the ages of 25 and 40.

Q18:

An animal rescue centre wants to find out if people in their town think more money should be spent on animal welfare. They plan to ask a random sample of their visitors and volunteers to fill in a questionnaire.

Why would their sample not be representative of the town’s population?

  • AWe do not know how they will ensure that the sample is random.
  • BPeople will not want to spend time filling in the questionnaire.
  • CThere might be a high proportion of children in the sample, which will skew the result.
  • DThe centre’s visitors and volunteers are likely to be supportive of spending more on animal welfare.
  • EThe centre’s visitors and volunteers could come from other towns.

Q19:

There are about 15 million registered voters in a state, and the government wants to know what proportion of them intends to vote in the next general election. In a survey of 1 0 0 0 registered voters, 848 responded that they did intend to vote.

Which of the following is the population parameter?

  • Athe sample size of 1 0 0 0
  • Bthe population size of 15 million
  • Cthe 848 surveyed who intend to vote
  • Dthe proportion of the population that intends to vote in the next general election
  • Eabout 8 5 % of all of the registered voters in a state

Q20:

A sixth-grade boy is considering joining the school choir. He wonders how many boys sing in the choir. In the choir brochure, there is a photo showing 10 boys and 13 girls. Assuming the photo is representative of the choir and given that the choir has 70 singers in total, what would be a possible estimate of the number of boys in the choir from this photo?

  • A54
  • B40
  • C16
  • D30
  • E21

Q21:

A large fast-food chain wants to find out if its customers like their new salad range. They conduct a survey where they interview 3 000 customers in their Texas restaurants.

What is the sample of the population?

  • Aall their customers
  • Ball their customers in Texas
  • Call their customers outside Texas
  • Dthe 3 000 customers who were interviewed

Q22:

Yara makes a random selection of 40 students from her school to investigate how the students at her high school feel about the quality of food in the school canteen.

What is the population that has been sampled?

  • Aall high school students
  • Bthe selection of 40 students
  • Call the people in Yara’s city
  • Dthe students at Yara’s school
  • Eall students Yara’s age

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