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Lesson Worksheet: Floods and Droughts Science

In this worksheet, we will practice describing the causes and effects of floods and droughts and where they are most likely to occur.

Q1:

What can be seen in this picture?

Flooding houses with rising water
  • ARiver
  • BFlood
  • CPrecipitation
  • DDrought

Q2:

Which habitat is most likely to be affected badly by flooding because it is in a dry-climate zone?

  • A
  • B
  • C
  • D

Q3:

Fill in the blanks: Droughts are the effect of very precipitation over a period of time.

  • Ahigh, short
  • Blittle, small
  • Clow, long
  • Daverage, medium

Q4:

Droughts impact the environment.

Plantations and dry river bed

How do they impact it?

  • AThe sea level rises.
  • BRivers dry up.
  • CRivers overflow.
  • DWeeds become overgrown.

Q5:

Students in a class are comparing the effects of floods and droughts.

Who is incorrect?

  • ABenjamin
  • BOlivia
  • CJackson
  • DIsabella

Q6:

During a drought, crops quickly die without water.

Drought in corn farms.

Why is this a problem for animals and humans?

  • AThere will be less food to eat.
  • BIt will cause disease.
  • CFood will become contaminated.
  • DTheir homes will become flooded.

Q7:

Due to its climate zone, a grassland habitat is more likely to be affected by drought than a desert, which is used to droughts.

Albinia National Park.

What climate zone is a grassland habitat in?

  • ATropical wet zone
  • BPolar zone
  • CTropical dry zone
  • DMountain zone

Q8:

How does flooding affect the environment?

Aerial view flooded forest plains with country road and ferry.
  • ASea level falls
  • BRivers overflow
  • CRivers dry up
  • DAll of the answers are correct.

Q9:

Flooding can contaminate drinking water for animals and humans.

Water tap faucet with flowing contaminated muddy and dirty water in a white bathroom sink.

What can contaminated drinking water cause?

  • ADisease
  • BHunger
  • CGood health
  • DThirst

Q10:

Amira’s homework was to write about a famous drought and flood. Amira highlighted some of the key facts in different colors.

Which color highlights the effects of floods and droughts?

  • AGreen
  • BOrange
  • CBlue

Which color highlights the causes of floods and droughts?

  • ABlue
  • BOrange
  • CGreen

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