Worksheet: Kidney Structure

In this worksheet, we will practice describing the macroscopic and microscopic structure of the kidney.

Q1:

What is the function of the renal vein?

  • ACarrying blood from the heart to the kidney
  • BCarrying urea from the bladder to the kidney
  • CCarrying blood from the kidney to the heart
  • DCarrying urea from the kidney to the bladder

Q2:

What is the function of the renal artery?

  • ACarrying blood from the heart to the kidney
  • BCarrying urea from the kidney to the bladder
  • CCarrying urea from the bladder to the kidney
  • DCarrying blood from the kidney to the heart

Q3:

Which of the following is not a major function of a nephron?

  • ACarrying the carbon dioxide released from cells during respiration to the lungs to be excreted.
  • BFiltering waste products from the blood and excreting them as urine.
  • CSelectively reabsorbing useful substances, like glucose, back into the body.
  • DRegulating salt and water concentrations in the body.

Q4:

The diagram provided shows the macroscopic outline of a human kidney.

What is the structure in the kidney represented by label 1?

  • AUrethra
  • BRenal artery
  • CCortex
  • DMedulla

What is the structure in the kidney represented by label 2?

  • AUrethra
  • BMedulla
  • CCortex
  • DRenal artery

What is the structure in the kidney represented by label 3?

  • ARenal artery
  • BCortex
  • CUrethra
  • DMedulla

Q5:

What organ in the human body does the ureter connect the kidney to?

  • ABladder
  • BSmall intestine
  • CLarge intestine
  • DHeart
  • ELiver

Q6:

The kidneys filter out waste products from the blood. In what substance are these waste products excreted from the body?

  • AMucus
  • BUrine
  • CSweat
  • DFeces
  • ECarbon dioxide

Q7:

The kidney contains thousands of small tubules that filter blood to form urine. What is the scientific term given to these tubules?

  • ACapillaries
  • BUreters
  • CDucts
  • DNephrons

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