Worksheet: Adaptations of Producers

In this worksheet, we will practice describing and explaining the adaptations producers have for their environment.

Q1:

The Venus flytrap (pictured) grows in very nutrient-poor soil. Which of the following is a main adaptation of the Venus flytrap that allows it to survive in this environment?

Venus flytrap structural
  • AThe plant has long roots that travel deep into the ground to find essential nutrients.
  • BThe plant has brightly colored leaves that attract pollinators that carry essential nutrients.
  • CThe plant traps and breaks down small insects to obtain essential nutrients.
  • DThe plant has large leaves that take in the maximum amount of nitrogen from the air.

Q2:

One adaptation of plants is to obtain a good water supply. How do plants obtain the majority of water they require?

  • APlants take in water through their open stomata.
  • BPlants actively transport water into their roots.
  • CPlants allow water to diffuse into the stem from the surrounding air.
  • DPlants absorb water from the soil through their roots.

Q3:

Plants have many adaptations. Which of the following best defines adaptations?

  • AAdaptations are features an organism has that make them better suited to survive in their environment.
  • BAdaptations are the features of an organism that make them more desirable for reproduction.
  • CAdaptations are characteristics of an organism that have been selected for by humans.
  • DAdaptations are characteristics of an organism that make them good at adapting to rapid and large changes.

Q4:

The picture provided is of marram grass, a plant that grows on sand dunes. The leaves of marram grass are tightly curled. Which of the following is an advantage that this adaptation provides?

Marram grass
  • ATightly curled leaves increase the available surface area that carbon dioxide can be taken in through.
  • BTightly curled leaves increase the surface area, so the maximum amount of sunlight can be captured.
  • CTightly curled leaves reduce the available surface area that water can be lost from.
  • DTightly curled leaves deter herbivores from eating the plant.

Q5:

Which of the following is a main advantage a plant has if it is covered in spines or thorns?

  • AIt increases its chance of being pollinated.
  • BIt contains more chloroplast to capture sunlight.
  • CIt has more space to store water.
  • DIt is less likely to be eaten by other organisms.
  • EIt can take in more water from the surrounding air.

Q6:

The picture provided shows a group of giant Amazon water lilies. Which of the following is an adaptation that water lilies have for their environment?

Giant Amazon water lilies Edit
  • AA large surface area relative to volume to take in more sunlight
  • BA large surface area to increase water uptake
  • CMany flowers to increase the rate of photosynthesis
  • DA large volume relative to surface area to increase the sunlight obtained

Q7:

Which of the following is not an example of an extreme environment?

  • AThe Arctic tundra
  • BThe Antarctic
  • CThe UK’s woodland
  • DThe Sahara desert
  • EThe deep ocean

Q8:

Some producers are termed extremophiles. Which of the following best defines an extremophile?

  • AAn extremophile is an organism that survives in an environment with extreme conditions.
  • BAn extremophile is an organism that lives a solitary lifestyle and only comes into contact with other organisms in extreme conditions.
  • CAn extremophile is an organism that survives at extremely high altitudes.
  • DAn extremophile is an organism that has extreme or unusual adaptations to its environment.

Q9:

The picture provided shows a geothermal hot spring found in Iceland. What adaptations would a producer need to be able to survive here?

A geothermal hot spring found in Iceland
  • AThe ability to survive with little water
  • BThe ability to survive in very alkaline conditions
  • CThe ability to survive very high temperatures
  • DThe ability to survive in low sunlight

Q10:

The picture provided shows a rose plant. What main adaptation does the rose plant have to deter organisms from eating it?

Edited
  • ALarge leaves
  • BA bright red color
  • CA thick stem
  • DWaxy leaves
  • EThorns/spikes

Q11:

If an organism is well adapted to its environment, what benefits does this provide?

  • AThe organism will have an increased chance of survival.
  • BThe organism will rapidly evolve new characteristics.
  • CThe organism will be able to outcompete all other organisms in the ecosystem.
  • DThe organism will survive any major changes to the environment.

Q12:

From what source do plants obtain the energy they require to carry out photosynthesis?

  • AChemical energy from the breakdown of food
  • BInfrared radiation
  • CSunlight
  • DHeat from the soil

Q13:

What biological process do plants carry out to produce their own sugars?

  • AReplication
  • BRespiration
  • CTranslocation
  • DPhotosynthesis
  • ETranspiration

Q14:

The picture provided shows a nettle bush. Nettles have stinging cells that release small amounts of acid and other chemicals when touched. How does this help nettles adapt to their environment?

Nettle bush
  • AThe stinging cells encourage pollinators to visit the plant.
  • BThe additional stinging cells increase the available surface area for carbon dioxide to be absorbed into the leaf.
  • CThe acid stimulates cell division, causing the leaves to have a larger volume so that more water can be held in them.
  • DThe stinging cells deter other organisms from eating the nettles.
  • EThe acid and other chemicals released increase the rate of photosynthesis in the leaves.

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