Worksheet: Adaptations of Producers
In this worksheet, we will practice describing and explaining the adaptations producers have for their environment.
The Venus flytrap (pictured) grows in very nutrient-poor soil. Which of the following is a main adaptation of the Venus flytrap that allows it to survive in this environment?
- AThe plant has long roots that travel deep into the ground to find essential nutrients.
- BThe plant has brightly colored leaves that attract pollinators that carry essential nutrients.
- CThe plant traps and breaks down small insects to obtain essential nutrients.
- DThe plant has large leaves that take in the maximum amount of nitrogen from the air.
One adaptation of plants is to obtain a good water supply. How do plants obtain the majority of water they require?
- APlants take in water through their open stomata.
- BPlants actively transport water into their roots.
- CPlants allow water to diffuse into the stem from the surrounding air.
- DPlants absorb water from the soil through their roots.
Plants have many adaptations. Which of the following best defines adaptations?
- AAdaptations are features an organism has that make them better suited to survive in their environment.
- BAdaptations are the features of an organism that make them more desirable for reproduction.
- CAdaptations are characteristics of an organism that have been selected for by humans.
- DAdaptations are characteristics of an organism that make them good at adapting to rapid and large changes.
The picture provided is of marram grass, a plant that grows on sand dunes. The leaves of marram grass are tightly curled. Which of the following is an advantage that this adaptation provides?
- ATightly curled leaves increase the available surface area that carbon dioxide can be taken in through.
- BTightly curled leaves increase the surface area, so the maximum amount of sunlight can be captured.
- CTightly curled leaves reduce the available surface area that water can be lost from.
- DTightly curled leaves deter herbivores from eating the plant.
Which of the following is a main advantage a plant has if it is covered in spines or thorns?
- AIt increases its chance of being pollinated.
- BIt contains more chloroplast to capture sunlight.
- CIt has more space to store water.
- DIt is less likely to be eaten by other organisms.
- EIt can take in more water from the surrounding air.
The picture provided shows a group of giant Amazon water lilies. Which of the following is an adaptation that water lilies have for their environment?
- AA large surface area relative to volume to take in more sunlight
- BA large surface area to increase water uptake
- CMany flowers to increase the rate of photosynthesis
- DA large volume relative to surface area to increase the sunlight obtained
Which of the following is not an example of an extreme environment?
- AThe Arctic tundra
- BThe Antarctic
- CThe UK’s woodland
- DThe Sahara desert
- EThe deep ocean
Some producers are termed extremophiles. Which of the following best defines an extremophile?
- AAn extremophile is an organism that survives in an environment with extreme conditions.
- BAn extremophile is an organism that lives a solitary lifestyle and only comes into contact with other organisms in extreme conditions.
- CAn extremophile is an organism that survives at extremely high altitudes.
- DAn extremophile is an organism that has extreme or unusual adaptations to its environment.
The picture provided shows a geothermal hot spring found in Iceland. What adaptations would a producer need to be able to survive here?
- AThe ability to survive with little water
- BThe ability to survive in very alkaline conditions
- CThe ability to survive very high temperatures
- DThe ability to survive in low sunlight
The picture provided shows a rose plant. What main adaptation does the rose plant have to deter organisms from eating it?
- ALarge leaves
- BA bright red color
- CA thick stem
- DWaxy leaves
If an organism is well adapted to its environment, what benefits does this provide?
- AThe organism will have an increased chance of survival.
- BThe organism will rapidly evolve new characteristics.
- CThe organism will be able to outcompete all other organisms in the ecosystem.
- DThe organism will survive any major changes to the environment.
From what source do plants obtain the energy they require to carry out photosynthesis?
- AChemical energy from the breakdown of food
- BInfrared radiation
- DHeat from the soil
What biological process do plants carry out to produce their own sugars?
The picture provided shows a nettle bush. Nettles have stinging cells that release small amounts of acid and other chemicals when touched. How does this help nettles adapt to their environment?
- AThe stinging cells encourage pollinators to visit the plant.
- BThe additional stinging cells increase the available surface area for carbon dioxide to be absorbed into the leaf.
- CThe acid stimulates cell division, causing the leaves to have a larger volume so that more water can be held in them.
- DThe stinging cells deter other organisms from eating the nettles.
- EThe acid and other chemicals released increase the rate of photosynthesis in the leaves.