Lesson Worksheet: Biological Macromolecules Biology

In this worksheet, we will practice describing key components found in the cells of organisms, including inorganic and organic compounds and large biological molecules.

Q1:

Put the following structures in the order in which they are organized in the human body, from largest to smallest: cells, molecules, atoms, organelles

  • ACells organelles molecules atoms
  • BOrganelles molecules atoms cells
  • COrganelles cells molecules atoms
  • DAtoms molecules organelles cells

Q2:

Which of the following molecules is classified as organic?

  • AOxygen
  • BGlucose
  • CCarbon dioxide
  • DSodium chloride
  • EWater

Q3:

Put the following structures in the order in which they are organized in the human body, from smallest to largest: tissues, cells, organ systems, organs.

  • ACells organs tissues organ systems
  • BCells tissues organs organ systems
  • CTissues organs organ systems cells
  • DOrgan systems organs tissues cells

Q4:

Which of the following molecules is classified as inorganic?

  • ALipid
  • BCarbohydrate
  • CWater
  • DDNA
  • EProtein

Q5:

What is a defining feature of an organic molecule found in a living organism?

  • AIt contains hydrogen bonds.
  • BIt cannot be broken down into smaller subunits.
  • CIt contains carbon and hydrogen linked together.
  • DIt does not contain hydrogen atoms.

Q6:

What is a biological macromolecule?

  • AA small organic molecule made up of one type of element
  • BA large organic compound made up of smaller molecules
  • CA large inorganic molecule made up of at least two different elements
  • DA small inorganic compound made up of a few different elements

Q7:

Proteins, carbohydrates and nucleic acids are considered biological macromolecules. Which of the following best describes their basic structure?

  • AThey are molecules of the same size (monomers) that are made up of repeating units (polymers).
  • BThey are long or large molecules (polymers) that are made up of smaller subunits (monomers) joined together.
  • CThey are small molecules (polymers) that are made up of smaller atoms (monomers) joined together.

Q8:

Biological macromolecules can be formed from subunits (monomers) joining together in a chain. What is the name of this general process?

  • AHydrolysis
  • BDifferentiation
  • CCentrifugation
  • DMonomerization
  • EPolymerization

Q9:

Which of the following is not one of the 4 major groups of biological macromolecules?

  • AFibers
  • BProteins
  • CNucleic acids
  • DLipids
  • ECarbohydrates

Q10:

What is a defining feature of an inorganic molecule found in a living organism?

  • AIt is excreted as waste.
  • BIt does not contain any carbon–hydrogen bonds.
  • CIt contains chloride atoms.
  • DIt cannot be broken down into smaller subunits.

This lesson includes 21 additional questions for subscribers.

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