Worksheet: Ionic Bonding

In this worksheet, we will practice describing ionic bonds in terms of the electrostatic attraction between ions of opposite charge.

Q1:

Which of the following types of structure is formed when anions and cations bond together?

  • A Alternating layers of cations and anions
  • B A lattice of alternating cations and anions
  • C Interacting clusters of cations and anions
  • D A lattice of neutral atoms
  • E Interacting clusters of neutral atoms

Q2:

Listed in the table are a range of anions and cations commonly found in salts.

Anions O 2 C l A s 3
Cations L i + M g 2 + A l 3 +

Which anion and cation in the table would attract each other most strongly?

  • A A s 3 and Al3+
  • B O 2 and Mg2+
  • C C l and Al3+
  • D A s 3 and Li+
  • E C l and Li+

Which anion and cation in the table would attract each other least strongly?

  • A C l and Al3+
  • B C l and Li+
  • C A s 3 and Li+
  • D O 2 and Mg2+
  • E A s 3 and Al3+

Q3:

Consider the anions and cations listed in the table.

Anions F C l B r I
Cations L i + N a + K + R b +

Which anion-cation pair would produce the strongest ionic bond?

  • A F and Rb+
  • B F and Li+
  • C I and Li+
  • D I and Rb+
  • E C l and Na+

Which anion-cation pair would produce the weakest ionic bond?

  • A F and Rb+
  • B F and Li+
  • C C l and Na+
  • D I and Rb+
  • E I and Li+

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