Worksheet: Adaptation

In this worksheet, we will practice explaining some of the variations among members of the same species in terms of adaptations that provide a survival advantage.

Q1:

What happens to plant and animal species that can not adapt to their environment?

  • AThey die out.
  • BThey hibernate.
  • CThey survive.

Q2:

A jackrabbit has very large ears. How does this adaptation help them survive the desert heat?

Jackrabbit has very large ears
  • ABlood flows to their ears and allows heat to escape into the air.
  • BJackrabbits use their ears to absorb the cool air at night.
  • CJackrabbits flap their ears to fan themselves and keep cool.

Q3:

What happens to a plant species if it cannot adapt to changes in its environment, such as a change in temperature?

  • AThe species will grow somewhere else.
  • BThe species will die out.
  • CThe species will shrink in height.

Q4:

Some plants in the rain forest grow very close to the ground and have brightly colored flowers.

How does this help them to survive?

Orchid garden-Cropped
  • AIt allows them to get the most sunlight.
  • BIt allows them to attract insects to pollinate them.
  • CIt offers them protection from the rain.

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