Worksheet: Noncommunicable Diseases

In this worksheet, we will practice recalling some examples of non-communicable diseases, and explaining the effect of lifestyle on non-communicable disease.

Q1:

Which of the following best defines a risk factor?

  • AA risk factor is anything that increases a person’s likelihood of suffering from a particular disease.
  • BA risk factor is anything that decreases a person’s likelihood of suffering from a particular disease.
  • CA risk factor is something a person has that means they will definitely suffer from a particular disease.
  • DA risk factor is something a person has that means they will definitely not suffer from a particular disease.
  • EA risk factor is a change in a person’s lifestyle that will cause a disease.

Q2:

Which of the following best describes a noncommunicable disease?

  • AA disease that can be transmitted from human to human
  • BA disease that is isolated in one area or country
  • CA disease that is spread by bodily fluids
  • DA disease that is spread by people communicating
  • EA disease that cannot be transmitted from one person to another

Q3:

Which of the following is not an example of a noncommunicable disease?

  • ACardiovascular disease
  • BCirrhosis (liver disease)
  • CTuberculosis
  • DAnemia
  • EDiabetes

Q4:

Deficiency diseases are caused by the lack of a certain nutrient or nutrients. A table of nutrients and the disease their deficiency causes is outlined below.

Nutrient Protein Vitamin C Vitamin D Iron
Deficiency Disease Kwashiorkor Scurvy Rickets Anemia

What symptoms out of the following might you expect to see in someone suffering from kwashiorkor?

  • AIncrease in appetite
  • BIncrease in strength
  • CIncrease in growth
  • DLoss of muscle mass

What types of food should someone with scurvy try to eat more of?

  • AFruits and vegetables
  • BRice and pasta
  • CMeat and fish
  • DCarbohydrates and starchy foods

What deficiency disease might someone suffer from if they do not eat enough red meat, green vegetables, or eggs?

  • AScurvy
  • BAnemia
  • CKwashiorkor
  • DRickets

Q5:

Pregnant women are advised not to consume alcohol. Which of the following is not a reason for this advice?

  • AThe baby may have problems with its development.
  • BThe liver of a fetus cannot break down alcohol.
  • CConsuming alcohol is banned in hospitals and clinics.
  • DThe baby may be born with birth defects.

Q6:

Which of the following organs are most affected by cardiovascular disease?

  • AThe reproductive organs
  • BThe stomach and intestines
  • CThe liver and kidneys
  • DThe heart and blood vessels
  • EThe lungs and trachea

Q7:

Which of the following is not an effect that smoking can have on your body?

  • ACigarette smoke can destroy pathogens that may infect your lungs and airways.
  • BThe substances released in cigarette smoke can damage cilia in the lungs and cause infections like bronchitis.
  • CTar collects in the lungs and, as a carcinogen, it can cause cancer.
  • DCarbon monoxide attaches to the hemoglobin in red blood cells and prevents oxygen from binding.
  • ECigarette smoke can induce the release of enzymes that break down alveolar walls, which can lead to emphysema.

Q8:

Which of the following is a risk factor for cirrhosis (liver disease)?

  • AHaving poor hygiene
  • BLiving with someone with cirrhosis
  • CConsuming large amounts of alcohol
  • DHaving unprotected sex
  • EFollowing a low-carb diet

Q9:

The bar chart shows the number of deaths in a country from alcohol- and smoking-related illnesses.

Which disease is responsible for the most deaths?

  • ALiver disease
  • BLung disease
  • CHeart disease

Which of the following statements about the data is correct?

  • AThe number of deaths caused by liver disease = the number of deaths caused by lung disease.
  • BThe number of deaths caused by liver disease is < the number of deaths caused by respiratory issues.
  • CThe number of deaths caused by liver disease is < the number of deaths caused by lung disease.

What methods could be taken to decrease the number of deaths from liver disease?

  • AEncouraging people to smoke rather than drink alcohol
  • BReducing the cost of alcohol
  • CRaising awareness of the link between high alcohol consumption and liver disease

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