Worksheet: Noncommunicable Diseases

In this worksheet, we will practice recalling some examples of non-communicable diseases, and explaining the effect of lifestyle on non-communicable disease.

Q1:

Which of the following best defines a risk factor?

  • AA risk factor is a change in a person’s lifestyle that will cause a disease.
  • BA risk factor is something a person has that means they will definitely not suffer from a particular disease.
  • CA risk factor is anything that increases a person’s likelihood of suffering from a particular disease.
  • DA risk factor is anything that decreases a person’s likelihood of suffering from a particular disease.
  • EA risk factor is something a person has that means they will definitely suffer from a particular disease.

Q2:

Which of the following best describes a noncommunicable disease?

  • AA disease that cannot be transmitted from one person to another
  • BA disease that is spread by bodily fluids
  • CA disease that can be transmitted from human to human
  • DA disease that is spread by people communicating
  • EA disease that is isolated in one area or country

Q3:

Which of the following is not an example of a noncommunicable disease?

  • AAnemia
  • BCardiovascular disease
  • CTuberculosis
  • DDiabetes
  • ECirrhosis (liver disease)

Q4:

Deficiency diseases are caused by the lack of a certain nutrient or nutrients. A table of nutrients and the disease their deficiency causes is outlined below.

NutrientProteinVitamin CVitamin DIron
Deficiency Disease KwashiorkorScurvyRicketsAnemia

What symptoms out of the following might you expect to see in someone suffering from kwashiorkor?

  • ALoss of muscle mass
  • BIncrease in appetite
  • CIncrease in strength
  • DIncrease in growth

What types of food should someone with scurvy try to eat more of?

  • AMeat and fish
  • BRice and pasta
  • CCarbohydrates and starchy foods
  • DFruits and vegetables

What deficiency disease might someone suffer from if they do not eat enough red meat, green vegetables, or eggs?

  • ARickets
  • BScurvy
  • CAnemia
  • DKwashiorkor

Q5:

Pregnant women are advised not to consume alcohol. Which of the following is not a reason for this advice?

  • AConsuming alcohol is banned in hospitals and clinics.
  • BThe baby may be born with birth defects.
  • CThe liver of a fetus cannot break down alcohol.
  • DThe baby may have problems with its development.

Q6:

Which of the following organs are most affected by cardiovascular disease?

  • AThe liver and kidneys
  • BThe stomach and intestines
  • CThe lungs and trachea
  • DThe heart and blood vessels
  • EThe reproductive organs

Q7:

Which of the following is not an effect that smoking can have on your body?

  • ACigarette smoke can destroy pathogens that may infect your lungs and airways.
  • BCarbon monoxide attaches to the hemoglobin in red blood cells and prevents oxygen from binding.
  • CThe substances released in cigarette smoke can damage cilia in the lungs and cause infections like bronchitis.
  • DCigarette smoke can induce the release of enzymes that break down alveolar walls, which can lead to emphysema.
  • ETar collects in the lungs and, as a carcinogen, it can cause cancer.

Q8:

Which of the following is a risk factor for cirrhosis (liver disease)?

  • AHaving unprotected sex
  • BLiving with someone with cirrhosis
  • CHaving poor hygiene
  • DConsuming large amounts of alcohol
  • EFollowing a low-carb diet

Q9:

The bar chart shows the number of deaths in a country from alcohol- and smoking-related illnesses.

Which disease is responsible for the most deaths?

  • ALung disease
  • BLiver disease
  • CHeart disease

Which of the following statements about the data is correct?

  • AThe number of deaths caused by liver disease is < the number of deaths caused by lung disease.
  • BThe number of deaths caused by liver disease = the number of deaths caused by lung disease.
  • CThe number of deaths caused by liver disease is < the number of deaths caused by respiratory issues.

What methods could be taken to decrease the number of deaths from liver disease?

  • AEncouraging people to smoke rather than drink alcohol
  • BRaising awareness of the link between high alcohol consumption and liver disease
  • CReducing the cost of alcohol

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