Worksheet: Noncommunicable Diseases
In this worksheet, we will practice recalling some examples of non-communicable diseases, and explaining the effect of lifestyle on non-communicable disease.
Which of the following best defines a risk factor?
- AA risk factor is anything that increases a person’s likelihood of suffering from a particular disease.
- BA risk factor is anything that decreases a person’s likelihood of suffering from a particular disease.
- CA risk factor is something a person has that means they will definitely suffer from a particular disease.
- DA risk factor is something a person has that means they will definitely not suffer from a particular disease.
- EA risk factor is a change in a person’s lifestyle that will cause a disease.
Which of the following best describes a noncommunicable disease?
- AA disease that can be transmitted from human to human
- BA disease that is isolated in one area or country
- CA disease that is spread by bodily fluids
- DA disease that is spread by people communicating
- EA disease that cannot be transmitted from one person to another
Which of the following is not an example of a noncommunicable disease?
- ACardiovascular disease
- BCirrhosis (liver disease)
Deficiency diseases are caused by the lack of a certain nutrient or nutrients. A table of nutrients and the disease their deficiency causes is outlined below.
|Nutrient||Protein||Vitamin C||Vitamin D||Iron|
What symptoms out of the following might you expect to see in someone suffering from kwashiorkor?
- AIncrease in appetite
- BIncrease in strength
- CIncrease in growth
- DLoss of muscle mass
What types of food should someone with scurvy try to eat more of?
- AFruits and vegetables
- BRice and pasta
- CMeat and fish
- DCarbohydrates and starchy foods
What deficiency disease might someone suffer from if they do not eat enough red meat, green vegetables, or eggs?
Pregnant women are advised not to consume alcohol. Which of the following is not a reason for this advice?
- AThe baby may have problems with its development.
- BThe liver of a fetus cannot break down alcohol.
- CConsuming alcohol is banned in hospitals and clinics.
- DThe baby may be born with birth defects.
Which of the following organs are most affected by cardiovascular disease?
- AThe reproductive organs
- BThe stomach and intestines
- CThe liver and kidneys
- DThe heart and blood vessels
- EThe lungs and trachea
Which of the following is not an effect that smoking can have on your body?
- ACigarette smoke can destroy pathogens that may infect your lungs and airways.
- BThe substances released in cigarette smoke can damage cilia in the lungs and cause infections like bronchitis.
- CTar collects in the lungs and, as a carcinogen, it can cause cancer.
- DCarbon monoxide attaches to the hemoglobin in red blood cells and prevents oxygen from binding.
- ECigarette smoke can induce the release of enzymes that break down alveolar walls, which can lead to emphysema.
Which of the following is a risk factor for cirrhosis (liver disease)?
- AHaving poor hygiene
- BLiving with someone with cirrhosis
- CConsuming large amounts of alcohol
- DHaving unprotected sex
- EFollowing a low-carb diet
The bar chart shows the number of deaths in a country from alcohol- and smoking-related illnesses.
Which disease is responsible for the most deaths?
- ALiver disease
- BLung disease
- CHeart disease
Which of the following statements about the data is correct?
- AThe number of deaths caused by liver disease = the number of deaths caused by lung disease.
- BThe number of deaths caused by liver disease is < the number of deaths caused by respiratory issues.
- CThe number of deaths caused by liver disease is < the number of deaths caused by lung disease.
What methods could be taken to decrease the number of deaths from liver disease?
- AEncouraging people to smoke rather than drink alcohol
- BReducing the cost of alcohol
- CRaising awareness of the link between high alcohol consumption and liver disease