Lesson Worksheet: Female Genital System Biology

In this worksheet, we will practice identifying structures in the female genital (reproductive) system, stating their functions, and describing the formation of ova in the ovary.

Q1:

What structure forms in the ovary every month after ovulation has occurred?

  • AA primary germ cell
  • BThe corpus luteum
  • CA polar body
  • DThe Graafian follicle
  • EA secondary oocyte

Q2:

How is the structure of a polar body different from that of an ovum?

  • AThe polar body secretes estrogen.
  • BThe polar body has very little cytoplasm.
  • CThe polar body has more food stores.
  • DThe polar body has chromosomes in pairs (diploid).
  • EThe polar body does not have a nucleus.

Q3:

How many eggs (ova) are produced from each cell that begins meiosis?

  • A8 eggs
  • B2 eggs
  • C1 egg
  • D3 eggs
  • E4 eggs

Q4:

Which process in egg development occurs in the ovary of a female embryo?

  • AMaturation only
  • BMultiplication and growth
  • CMultiplication and maturation
  • DMultiplication only
  • EGrowth and maturation

Q5:

In females, when is meiosis II completed?

  • AJust after the egg is released at ovulation and before fertilization
  • BJust before the egg is released at ovulation
  • CAfter a secondary oocyte has been fertilized
  • DWhen the female embryo is developing
  • EAt the start of each menstrual cycle

Q6:

What is the main function of the ciliated epithelial cells in the female reproductive system?

  • AReleasing hormones to support the development of the early embryo
  • BReleasing mucus to lubricate the oviduct
  • CProtecting female organs from bacterial infections
  • DCreating a current that moves the fertilized ovum toward the uterus

Q7:

In which of the following stages can cells be found in a healthy infant ovary?

  • AOogonia
  • BPrimary germ cells
  • CSecondary oocytes
  • DPolar bodies
  • EPrimary oocytes

Q8:

A front view of the human female reproductive system is shown in the figure.

Which structure secretes estrogen?

  • AB
  • BA
  • CE
  • DC
  • ED

Q9:

A front view of the human female reproductive system is shown in the figure.

In which part are ciliated epithelial cells most abundant?

  • AC
  • BB
  • CA
  • DD

Q10:

A front view of the human female reproductive system is shown in the figure.

Which letter on the diagram is the cervix?

  • AC
  • BB
  • CE
  • DD
  • EA

This lesson includes 16 additional questions for subscribers.

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