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Lesson Worksheet: Definitions and Functions of Philosophy Philosophy

In this worksheet, we will practice recognizing two different ways of defining philosophy and distinguishing between three functions of philosophical thinking.

Q1:

Why is the scope of philosophy so broad?

  • ABecause philosophers are easily distracted
  • BBecause philosophy is not rigorous enough to define itself
  • CBecause philosophers avoid going into specifics
  • DBecause philosophers can investigate everything

Q2:

Complete the following: As a practically engaged discipline, philosophy is the investigation of .

  • Athe attributes of God
  • Bthe meaning of life and of how to act
  • Cmethods for attaining political power
  • Dways to achieve professional success
  • Ethe origin of the universe

Q3:

What is an example of a question that can be studied philosophically?

  • AIs it wrong to kill animals?
  • BShould you believe what scientific experts say?
  • CIs it wrong to do things that may harm future generations?
  • DAre plants conscious?
  • EAll of the answers are correct.

Q4:

Philosophy is influenced by its context. What aspect of its context is most influential?

  • AWhether or not the philosopher has a happy family
  • BThe food philosophers eat
  • CThe surrounding culture
  • DThe philosopher’s age
  • EWhether the philosopher lives in a warm or cold country

Q5:

Choose the best description of philosophy.

  • AThe comprehensive investigation of humanity and the world
  • BThe contemplation of God
  • CThe invention of myths to explain natural phenomena
  • DThe methodical investigation of natural phenomena
  • ELessons on how to succeed in life

Q6:

What is the relationship between philosophy and the world?

  • APhilosophy explains the world, often making it worse.
  • BPhilosophy neither explains nor improves the world.
  • CPhilosophy explains the world but does not interfere with it.
  • DPhilosophy explains and improves the world.
  • EPhilosophy improves the world but never adequately explains it.

Q7:

True or False: Philosophical thinking is purely theoretical and does not shape the values, goals, and behaviors of the individual.

  • AFalse
  • BTrue

Q8:

Why is it important for philosophers to explain the world?

  • AIt is important because purely theoretical investigations offer an escape from political concerns.
  • BIt is important because we need to understand the world in order to know how it can be improved.
  • CIt is important because we need to understand the world in order to know how it can be exploited.
  • DIt is important because we can never change things; all we can do is understand them better.

Q9:

What distinguishes philosophy from other disciplines or subject matters, like biology (the study of life) or history (the study of the past)?

  • APhilosophy is not a proper academic discipline; it is just idle thinking.
  • BEvery other discipline pursues knowledge, but philosophers do not believe that we can know anything.
  • CEvery other discipline requires reading and performing experiments, but all philosophers do is think.
  • DUnlike other disciplines, there is nothing that cannot be investigated philosophically.

Q10:

How can we describe the relationship between philosophy and its social and historical context?

  • APhilosophy ignores its context.
  • BPhilosophy is only concerned with timeless questions that are the same for all contexts.
  • CPhilosophy is entirely limited by its context.
  • DPhilosophy responds to the concerns of its particular context.

This lesson includes 26 additional questions for subscribers.

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