Lesson Worksheet: Eukaryotic and Prokaryotic Cells Biology

In this worksheet, we will practice recalling the main subcellular structures of eukaryotic and prokaryotic cells and relate these structures to their functions.


Which of the following correctly defines a prokaryotic cell?

  • AA cell that has no mitochondria
  • BA cell that cannot reproduce on its own
  • CA cell that does not have a membrane
  • DA cell that does not have a membrane-bound nucleus
  • EA cell that can move on its own


Which part of a plant cell is responsible for maintaining cell structure?

  • ACell wall
  • BCytoplasm
  • CMitochondria
  • DChloroplast
  • ECell membrane


Which of the following is the correct function of the cell membrane?

  • AStoring the genetic material
  • BMaintaining cell rigidity
  • CAllowing substances to enter and leave the cell
  • DProviding energy for cellular processes
  • EProviding the site for protein synthesis


Which of the following is the correct function of ribosomes?

  • AProviding energy for cellular processes
  • BMaintaining cell structure and shape
  • CStoring the genetic material
  • DProviding the site for protein synthesis
  • EAllowing substances to enter and leave the cell


What part of a eukaryotic cell stores the genetic material?

  • ARibosomes
  • BVacuole
  • CCytoplasm
  • DCell membrane
  • ENucleus


The diagram provided shows a basic animal cell.

What organelle is represented by label 1?

  • ACytoplasm
  • BCell membrane
  • CMitochondria
  • DNucleus
  • ERibosome

What organelle is represented by label 2?

  • ACell membrane
  • BNucleus
  • CRibosome
  • DCytoplasm
  • EMitochondria

What organelle is represented by label 3?

  • ANucleus
  • BRibosome
  • CCytoplasm
  • DMitochondria
  • ECell membrane


Which of the following best describes how mitochondria are adapted for their function?

  • AMitochondria contain enzymes that catalyze respiration to create energy.
  • BMitochondria are the site of photosynthesis.
  • CMitochondria contain a large number of chloroplasts.
  • DMitochondria are the powerhouse of the cell.
  • EMitochondria contain stores of glucose, which is used in respiration.


Where is most of the genetic material contained in a prokaryotic cell?

  • ANucleus
  • BPlasmid DNA
  • CRibosomes
  • DPlasmodium
  • EChromosomal/DNA loop


Which of the following subcellular structures is commonly used by prokaryotic cells for movement?

  • AFlagella
  • BPlasmodium
  • CCell membrane
  • DRibosomes
  • EChromosomal loop


What key term applies to a cell membrane that allows some substances through, but not others?

  • ASemipenetrable
  • BPartially permeable
  • CSelectively open
  • DProtein channel
  • EPartially selective

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