Lesson Worksheet: Eukaryotic and Prokaryotic Cells Biology

In this worksheet, we will practice recalling the main sub-cellular structures of eukaryotic and prokaryotic cells, and relating these structures to their function.


Which of the following correctly defines a prokaryotic cell?

  • AA cell that has no mitochondria
  • BA cell that cannot reproduce on its own
  • CA cell that does not have a membrane
  • DA cell that does not have a membrane-bound nucleus
  • EA cell that can move on its own


Which part of a plant cell is responsible for maintaining cell structure?

  • ACell wall
  • BCytoplasm
  • CMitochondria
  • DChloroplast
  • ECell membrane


Which of the following is the correct function of the cell membrane?

  • AStoring the genetic material
  • BMaintaining cell rigidity
  • CAllowing substances to enter and leave the cell
  • DProviding energy for cellular processes
  • EProviding the site for protein synthesis


Which of the following is the correct function of ribosomes?

  • AProviding energy for cellular processes
  • BMaintaining cell structure and shape
  • CStoring the genetic material
  • DProviding the site for protein synthesis
  • EAllowing substances to enter and leave the cell


What part of a eukaryotic cell stores the genetic material?

  • ARibosomes
  • BVacuole
  • CCytoplasm
  • DCell membrane
  • ENucleus


The diagram provided shows a basic animal cell.

What organelle is represented by label 1?

  • ACytoplasm
  • BCell membrane
  • CMitochondria
  • DNucleus
  • ERibosome

What organelle is represented by label 2?

  • ACell membrane
  • BNucleus
  • CRibosome
  • DCytoplasm
  • EMitochondria

What organelle is represented by label 3?

  • ANucleus
  • BRibosome
  • CCytoplasm
  • DMitochondria
  • ECell membrane


Which of the following best describes how mitochondria are adapted for their function?

  • AMitochondria contain enzymes that catalyze respiration to create energy.
  • BMitochondria are the site of photosynthesis.
  • CMitochondria contain a large number of chloroplasts.
  • DMitochondria are the powerhouse of the cell.
  • EMitochondria contain stores of glucose, which is used in respiration.


Where is most of the genetic material contained in a prokaryotic cell?

  • ANucleus
  • BPlasmid DNA
  • CRibosomes
  • DPlasmodium
  • EChromosomal/DNA loop


Which of the following subcellular structures is commonly used by prokaryotic cells for movement?

  • AFlagella
  • BPlasmodium
  • CCell membrane
  • DRibosomes
  • EChromosomal loop


What key term applies to a cell membrane that allows some substances through, but not others?

  • ASemipenetrable
  • BPartially permeable
  • CSelectively open
  • DProtein channel
  • EPartially selective

This lesson includes 8 additional questions for subscribers.

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