Worksheet: Eukaryotic and Prokaryotic Cells

In this worksheet, we will practice recalling the main sub-cellular structures of eukaryotic and prokaryotic cells, and relating these structures to their function.

Q1:

Which of the following correctly defines a prokaryotic cell?

  • AA cell that does not have a membrane-bound nucleus
  • BA cell that can move on its own
  • CA cell that does not have a membrane
  • DA cell that has no mitochondria
  • EA cell that cannot reproduce on its own

Q2:

Which of the following is the correct function of ribosomes?

  • AAllowing substances to enter and leave the cell
  • BStoring the genetic material
  • CProviding energy for cellular processes
  • DProviding the site for protein synthesis
  • EMaintaining cell structure and shape

Q3:

Which of the following is the correct function of the cell membrane?

  • AMaintaining cell rigidity
  • BStoring the genetic material
  • CProviding the site for protein synthesis
  • DAllowing substances to enter and leave the cell
  • EProviding energy for cellular processes

Q4:

What part of a eukaryotic cell stores the genetic material?

  • ANucleus
  • BVacuole
  • CCell membrane
  • DRibosomes
  • ECytoplasm

Q5:

Which part of a plant cell is responsible for maintaining cell structure?

  • ACell wall
  • BMitochondria
  • CChloroplast
  • DCell membrane
  • ECytoplasm

Q6:

Which of the following best describes how mitochondria are adapted for their function?

  • AMitochondria are the site of photosynthesis.
  • BMitochondria contain stores of glucose, which is used in respiration.
  • CMitochondria are the powerhouse of the cell.
  • DMitochondria contain enzymes that catalyze respiration to create energy.
  • EMitochondria contain a large number of chloroplasts.

Q7:

Which of the following subcellular structures is commonly used by prokaryotic cells for movement?

  • ACell membrane
  • BFlagella
  • CRibosomes
  • DPlasmodium
  • EChromosomal loop

Q8:

Where is most of the genetic material contained in a prokaryotic cell?

  • APlasmid DNA
  • BNucleus
  • CChromosomal/DNA loop
  • DPlasmodium
  • ERibosomes

Q9:

The diagram provided shows a basic animal cell.

What organelle is represented by label 1?

  • AMitochondria
  • BNucleus
  • CRibosome
  • DCytoplasm
  • ECell membrane

What organelle is represented by label 2?

  • ACell membrane
  • BCytoplasm
  • CRibosome
  • DMitochondria
  • ENucleus

What organelle is represented by label 3?

  • ARibosome
  • BNucleus
  • CCell membrane
  • DCytoplasm
  • EMitochondria

Q10:

What key term applies to a cell membrane that allows some substances through, but not others?

  • AProtein channel
  • BSemipenetrable
  • CSelectively open
  • DPartially selective
  • EPartially permeable

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