Worksheet: Eukaryotic and Prokaryotic Cells

In this worksheet, we will practice recalling the main sub-cellular structures of eukaryotic and prokaryotic cells, and relating these structures to their function.

Q1:

Which of the following correctly defines a prokaryotic cell?

  • AA cell that has no mitochondria
  • BA cell that cannot reproduce on its own
  • CA cell that does not have a membrane
  • DA cell that does not have a membrane-bound nucleus
  • EA cell that can move on its own

Q2:

Which of the following is the correct function of ribosomes?

  • AProviding energy for cellular processes
  • BMaintaining cell structure and shape
  • CStoring the genetic material
  • DProviding the site for protein synthesis
  • EAllowing substances to enter and leave the cell

Q3:

Which of the following is the correct function of the cell membrane?

  • AStoring the genetic material
  • BMaintaining cell rigidity
  • CAllowing substances to enter and leave the cell
  • DProviding energy for cellular processes
  • EProviding the site for protein synthesis

Q4:

What part of a eukaryotic cell stores the genetic material?

  • ARibosomes
  • BVacuole
  • CCytoplasm
  • DCell membrane
  • ENucleus

Q5:

Which part of a plant cell is responsible for maintaining cell structure?

  • ACell wall
  • BCytoplasm
  • CMitochondria
  • DChloroplast
  • ECell membrane

Q6:

Which of the following best describes how mitochondria are adapted for their function?

  • AMitochondria contain enzymes that catalyze respiration to create energy.
  • BMitochondria are the site of photosynthesis.
  • CMitochondria contain a large number of chloroplasts.
  • DMitochondria are the powerhouse of the cell.
  • EMitochondria contain stores of glucose, which is used in respiration.

Q7:

Which of the following subcellular structures is commonly used by prokaryotic cells for movement?

  • AFlagella
  • BPlasmodium
  • CCell membrane
  • DRibosomes
  • EChromosomal loop

Q8:

Where is most of the genetic material contained in a prokaryotic cell?

  • ANucleus
  • BPlasmid DNA
  • CRibosomes
  • DPlasmodium
  • EChromosomal/DNA loop

Q9:

The diagram provided shows a basic animal cell.

What organelle is represented by label 1?

  • ACytoplasm
  • BCell membrane
  • CMitochondria
  • DNucleus
  • ERibosome

What organelle is represented by label 2?

  • ACell membrane
  • BNucleus
  • CRibosome
  • DCytoplasm
  • EMitochondria

What organelle is represented by label 3?

  • ANucleus
  • BRibosome
  • CCytoplasm
  • DMitochondria
  • ECell membrane

Q10:

What key term applies to a cell membrane that allows some substances through, but not others?

  • ASemipenetrable
  • BPartially permeable
  • CSelectively open
  • DProtein channel
  • EPartially selective

Q11:

Which of the following organelles is found in both prokaryotic cells and plant cells?

  • AVacuole
  • BNucleus
  • CPlasmid
  • DCell wall
  • EChloroplast

Q12:

Which of the following statements correctly compares the genetic material of prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells?

  • AEukaryotic cells have their genetic material contained within a membrane-bound nucleus, whereas prokaryotic cells do not have a membrane-bound nucleus.
  • BEukaryotic cells have genetic material that is comprised only of DNA, whereas prokaryotic cells have genetic material that is comprised only of RNA.
  • CEukaryotic cells have their genetic material freely moving in the cytoplasm of the cell, whereas prokaryotic cells have all of their genetic material contained within plasmid loops.
  • DEukaryotic cells use their genetic material to control the cells’ activities, whereas prokaryotic cells only use their genetic material to infect other organisms.

Q13:

Which of the following organisms would be classified as eukaryotes?

  • AFungi
  • BBacteria
  • CViruses

Q14:

Which of the following organisms would be classified as prokaryotes?

  • AHumans
  • BBacteria
  • CFungi
  • DPlants

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