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Worksheet: Internal energy of Monatomic and Polyatomic Gasses

Q1:

Two monatomic ideal gases A and B are at the same temperature. 1.0 g of gas A has the same internal energy as 0.10 g of gas B.

What is the ratio of the number of moles in gas A to the number of moles in gas B?

  • A
  • B
  • C
  • D
  • E

What is the ratio of the atomic mass of gas A to the atomic mass of gas B?

  • A
  • B
  • C
  • D
  • E

Q2:

To give a helium atom nonzero angular momentum requires 21.2 eV of energy, meaning that 21.2 eV is the difference between the energies of helium’s ground state and of the lowest-energy state in which a helium atom has nonzero angular momentum. Find the lowest temperature at which helium atoms possess angular momentum if the energy required to give a helium atom nonzero momentum equals Boltzmann’s constant multiplied by .

  • A K
  • B K
  • C K
  • D K
  • E K

Q3:

What is the internal energy of 6.00 mol of an ideal monatomic gas which has a temperature of ?

  • A J
  • B J
  • C J
  • D J
  • E J

Q4:

0.82 mol of dilute carbon dioxide at a pressure of 1.80 atm occupies a volume of 58 L. What is the internal energy of the gas?

Q5:

An ideal gas at room temperature has a pressure of 0.802 atm and a volume of 13.00 L. The gas is compressed adiabatically and quasi-statically until its pressure is 3.610 atm and its volume is 5.27 L. How many degrees of freedom does the gas have?

Q6:

Calculate the internal energy of 82 g of helium at a temperature of .

Q7:

What is the average mechanical energy of a mole of an ideal monatomic gas at a temperature of 333 K?

  • A 2 250 J
  • B 1 120 J
  • C 3 660 J
  • D 4 150 J
  • E 4 890 J