Worksheet: Fossils

In this worksheet, we will practice on how to interpret information that fossils provide about living things that once inhabited the Earth.


What is the name of the process where animal remains (bones) turn into stone?

  • APreservation
  • BCalcification
  • CMummification
  • DPetrification


Where have most fossils been found?

  • AIn the desert
  • BIn forests
  • CAt the bottom of the ocean
  • DInside caves


Which of the following is not an example of a fossil?

  • ACoins
  • BFootprints
  • CBones
  • DTeeth


Choose the word to finish the sentence: After a volcanic eruption, organisms can be buried or preserved in .

  • Aamber
  • Bsediments
  • Cclay
  • Dlava


Approximately how long do fossils take to form?

  • AHundreds of years
  • BOne year
  • COne month
  • DMillions of years


The map shows where dinosaur fossils have been discovered.

Which of the following statements is the most accurate?

  • ADinosaurs once lived in Australia.
  • BDinosaurs once lived in North America.
  • CDinosaurs once lived on every continent.
  • DDinosaurs once lived in Africa.


These dinosaur footprints were found in the bed of the Paluxy River in Dinosaur Valley.

Millions of years ago, this was an ancient ocean.

Dinosaur Valley-72 ppi

What does this discovery tell us about where the dinosaurs lived?

  • ADinosaurs lived near the ocean.
  • BDinosaurs lived in the ocean.
  • CDinosaurs swam in the river.
  • DDinosaurs lived next to the river.


The diagram below shows how fossils are formed. Name the way in which fossils are exposed (seen).

Hint: Use the diagram to help you.

  • AThe dinosaur dies in a river.
  • BEarth’s movement brings the rocks to the surface.
  • CRocks are eroded to expose the fossil.
  • DSediments become rock and the skeleton is pressed.


The photograph shows the bones of dinosaurs discovered in the Provincial Park in Alberta, Canada.

Bones of prehistoric animals of the Dinosaur-72 ppi

What do these fossils tell us about dinosaurs?

  • ADinosaurs once lived in Alberta, Canada.
  • BSomebody buried dinosaurs in Alberta, Canada.
  • CThere is a dinosaur museum in Alberta, Canada.


The image shows an example of a trace fossil. These types of fossils are formed from footprints or other traces left behind by animals.

This dinosaur footprint was found in Namibia, Africa. What does it tell us about the area in which it was found?

Dinosaur foot print - 72 ppi
  • ADinosaurs once lived in this part of Earth.
  • BDinosaurs had three toes.


Why do scientists study fossils?

Dinosaur fossil in sedimentary rock - 72 ppi
  • ATo learn about the different types of soil
  • BTo learn about the history of life on Earth
  • CTo find things to put in museums
  • DTo find new cures for diseases


Complete the sentence: For most fossils to form, an organism’s remains must be buried in .

  • Arivers
  • Bice
  • Csand
  • Dsediments

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