Worksheet: Graphs of Rational Functions

In this worksheet, we will practice graphing rational functions, determining their zeros and the types of their asymptotes, and describing their end behavior .

Q1:

Which of the following graphs represents 𝑓(𝑥)=1𝑥+1?

  • A(d)
  • B(a)
  • C(b)
  • D(c)

Q2:

If a rational function has a horizontal asymptote, then the degree of the numerator is at most the degree of the denominator. Is this true or false?

  • Atrue
  • Bfalse

Q3:

Consider the following graphs.

Which of these is the graph of 𝑓(𝑥)=(𝑥+1)(𝑥1)(𝑥+3)?

  • A(d)
  • B(a)
  • C(b)
  • D(c)

Q4:

Which of the following is the equation of the rational function graphed below?

  • A𝑦=𝑥2𝑥2𝑥10
  • B𝑦=𝑥2𝑥2𝑥10
  • C𝑦=𝑥2𝑥2𝑥10
  • D𝑦=𝑥2𝑥42𝑥10𝑥

Q5:

The graph shows 𝑦=𝑘(𝑥𝑎)+𝑏. A single point is marked on the graph. What are the values of the constants 𝑎, 𝑏, and 𝑘?

  • A𝑎=5, 𝑏=1, 𝑘=4
  • B𝑎=3, 𝑏=2, 𝑘=3
  • C𝑎=4, 𝑏=3, 𝑘=1
  • D𝑎=3, 𝑏=3, 𝑘=1
  • E𝑎=2, 𝑏=3, 𝑘=12

Q6:

The graph of 𝑦=1(𝑥1)(𝑥+2)(𝑥3) has vertical asymptotes at 𝑥=2, 1, and 3. Which of the following is this graph?

  • A(b)
  • B(a)
  • C(d)
  • D(c)

Q7:

The figure shows the graph of (𝑥2)(𝑥4)𝑔(𝑥).

Which of the following could 𝑔(𝑥) be?

  • A3518𝑥(𝑥3)
  • B3554𝑥(𝑥3)
  • C35108𝑥(𝑥3)
  • D3518𝑥(𝑥3)
  • E35324𝑥(𝑥3)

Q8:

Which of the following is the equation of the rational function graphed below?

  • A𝑦=𝑥+3𝑥𝑥+4
  • B𝑦=𝑥3𝑥2𝑥4
  • C𝑦=𝑥3𝑥2𝑥4
  • D𝑦=𝑥2𝑥3𝑥+4

Q9:

Which of the following is the equation of the rational function graphed below?

  • A𝑓(𝑥)=(𝑥+4)(𝑥+1)(𝑥1)(𝑥3)
  • B𝑓(𝑥)=114(𝑥+4)(𝑥+1)(𝑥1)(𝑥3)+0.5
  • C𝑓(𝑥)=(𝑥+4)(𝑥+1)(𝑥1)+0.5
  • D𝑓(𝑥)=(𝑥4)(𝑥+4)(𝑥+1)(𝑥1)(𝑥3)+0.5

Q10:

The graph of a rational function must have a vertical asymptote. Is this true or false?

  • Afalse
  • Btrue

Q11:

Here are the graphs of 𝑦=1𝑥1+1𝑥2+1𝑥3 and 𝑦=1(𝑥1)(𝑥2)(𝑥3), which have all the same asymptotes.

Which one is 𝑦=1𝑥1+1𝑥2+1𝑥3?

  • A((a))
  • B((b))

Q12:

Which of the following is the graph of 𝑦=1𝑥1+1𝑥2+1𝑥3?

  • A(d)
  • B(c)
  • C(a)
  • D(b)

Q13:

Which of the following is the graph of 𝑦=1𝑥1+1𝑥2+1𝑥3?

  • A
  • B
  • C
  • D

Q14:

Which of the following is the graph of 𝑦=2𝑥1𝑥+9?

  • A(c)
  • B(a)
  • C(d)
  • D(b)

Q15:

Which of the following is the equation of the rational function graphed below?

  • A𝑓(𝑥)=𝑥+3𝑥8
  • B𝑓(𝑥)=𝑥+3𝑥2𝑥8𝑥+1
  • C𝑓(𝑥)=𝑥+3𝑥2𝑥8
  • D𝑓(𝑥)=𝑥2𝑥

Q16:

Which of the following is the graph of 𝑦=1𝑥11𝑥2+1𝑥3?

  • A(b)
  • B(d)
  • C(a)
  • D(c)

Q17:

Shown is the graph of the rational function 6𝑃(𝑥).

Which of the following could be the polynomial 𝑃(𝑥)?

  • A(𝑥1)(𝑥+2)(𝑥3)
  • B(𝑥1)(𝑥+6)
  • C(𝑥1)(𝑥2)(𝑥3)
  • D(𝑥+1)(𝑥+2)(𝑥3)
  • E(𝑥1)(𝑥+2)(𝑥3)

Q18:

Sketch a graph of the function 𝑓(𝑥)=𝑥3𝑥2𝑥4 and determine which graph represents it.

  • A
  • B
  • C
  • D

Q19:

Which of the following is the graph of 𝑦=1𝑥1+1𝑥21𝑥3?

  • A(b)
  • B(a)
  • C(c)
  • D(d)

Q20:

What function is represented in the figure below?

  • A𝑓(𝑥)=1𝑥3
  • B𝑓(𝑥)=1𝑥3
  • C𝑓(𝑥)=1𝑥3
  • D𝑓(𝑥)=1𝑥3

Q21:

Determine the domain and the range of the function 𝑓(𝑥)=1𝑥5 in .

  • AThe domain is , and the range is .
  • BThe domain is , and the range is {0}.
  • CThe domain is {0}, and the range is {5}.
  • DThe domain is {0}, and the range is .

Q22:

The graph shows 𝑦=𝑘(𝑥3)2. We can see that the intersection of its asymptotes is at (3,2) and that the points (0.5,1.5) and (1.5,1) are below and above the graph respectively. Determine the interval in which 𝑘 lies.

  • A2<𝑘<0.5
  • B0.5<𝑘<3
  • C1.25<𝑘<1
  • D2<𝑘<1
  • E1.5<𝑘<1.25

Q23:

A team of scientists have been working on the growth of metal oxide nanowires, that is, metal oxide in the form of wires (cylinders) with dimensions in the order of nanometers. They observed that when the nanowires had reached a critical size, namely, a diameter of 50 nm and a length of 250 nm, the diameter increased at a rate of 1 nm/min and the length at a rate of 15 nm/min.

Write the function 𝑓(𝑡) that gives the aspect ratio of the nanowires, the ratio of their lengths to their diameters, as a function of the growth duration 𝑡, in minutes, after the nanowires have reached the critical size.

  • A𝑓(𝑡)=50+𝑡250+15𝑡
  • B𝑓(𝑡)=25015𝑡50𝑡
  • C𝑓(𝑡)=50+15𝑡250+𝑡
  • D𝑓(𝑡)=5015𝑡250𝑡
  • E𝑓(𝑡)=250+15𝑡50+𝑡

The scientists want to get nanowires with an aspect ratio of 10. Use the graph to find the corresponding growth duration after the nanowires have reached the critical size.

Assuming the growth mechanism remains the same, what would the aspect ratio of the nanowires be after a very long growing time?

Q24:

Consider the square prism shown in the diagram.

Write its surface-area-to-volume ratio in terms of 𝑥. Give your answer in standard form.

  • A16𝑥+20𝑥+64𝑥+8𝑥+5𝑥+1
  • B20𝑥+22𝑥+64𝑥+8𝑥+5𝑥+1
  • C4𝑥+8𝑥+5𝑥+116𝑥+20𝑥+6
  • D12𝑥+18𝑥+64𝑥+8𝑥+5𝑥+1
  • E4𝑥+8𝑥+5𝑥+120𝑥+22𝑥+6

The diagram shows the graph of the surface-area-to-volume ratio of the prism as a function of 𝑥. Which of the following is an approximate value of 𝑥 for which the surface-area-to-volume ratio is 1?

  • A6
  • B3.3
  • C2.3
  • D1.3
  • E1.5

Q25:

Consider the graph of the function 𝑦=1𝑥.

By looking at the graph and substituting a few successively larger values of 𝑥 into the function, what is the end behavior of the graph as 𝑥 increases along the positive 𝑥-axis?

  • AThe value of 𝑦 approaches infinity as 𝑥 increases.
  • BThe value of 𝑦 approaches zero as the value of 𝑥 increases.
  • CThe value of 𝑦 approaches negative infinity as 𝑥 increases.

Similarly, what is the end behavior of the graph as 𝑥 decreases?

  • AThe value of 𝑦 approaches zero.
  • BThe value of 𝑦 approaches .
  • CThe value of 𝑦 approaches .

Finally, by interpreting the graph, what is happening to the function when the value of 𝑥 approaches zero?

  • AThe value of 𝑦 approaches positive infinity when 𝑥 gets closer to zero from the negative direction and approaches negative infinity when 𝑥 gets closer to zero from the positive direction.
  • BThe value of 𝑦 approaches negative infinity when 𝑥 gets closer to zero from the negative direction or from the positive direction.
  • CThe value of 𝑦 approaches positive infinity when 𝑥 gets closer to zero from the negative direction or from the positive direction.
  • DThe value of 𝑦 approaches negative infinity when 𝑥 gets closer to zero from the negative direction and approaches positive infinity when 𝑥 gets closer to zero from the positive direction.

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