Worksheet: Hormonal Control

In this worksheet, we will practice describing the structure and function of the human endocrine system.

Q1:

From what endocrine gland is thyroxine released?

  • APituitary
  • BThyroid
  • CAdrenal
  • DThymus
  • EPancreas

Q2:

From what endocrine gland is adrenaline released?

  • APineal gland
  • BPituitary
  • CThyroid
  • DAdrenal
  • EPancreas

Q3:

Which of the following is not a way that the pituitary gland acts as an endocrine gland?

  • AThe pituitary gland releases growth hormone to promote cell growth.
  • BThe pituitary gland releases FSH to stimulate follicle development in the ovaries.
  • CThe pituitary gland produces progesterone to maintain the uterus lining.
  • DThe pituitary gland stimulates the testes to produce testosterone.
  • EThe pituitary gland stimulates the thyroid gland to produce thyroxine.

Q4:

Which of the following best defines a hormone?

  • AA hormone is a chemical messenger transported by the bloodstream.
  • BA hormone is an electrical messenger transported by the nervous system.
  • CA hormone is a chemical messenger transported by the nervous system.
  • DA hormone is an electrical messenger transported by the bloodstream.

Q5:

What term is given to the glands in the body that produce and release hormones into the bloodstream?

  • AChemical
  • BEndocrine
  • CExocrine
  • DEffectors

Q6:

The pituitary gland is responsible for producing growth hormone. Which of the following could be an effect of the body not producing enough growth hormone?

  • AA person could suffer from swelling of their extremities and internal organs.
  • BThere could be a rapid increase in the height of a child.
  • CThere could be no growth spurt when a child reaches puberty.

Q7:

How do hormones travel from the endocrine glands that produce them to the target organs they act upon?

  • AVia direct cell-to-cell contact between glands and target organs
  • BVia the bloodstream
  • CVia nervous impulses
  • DVia active transport into cells

Q8:

What important endocrine gland, often referred to as the master gland, is located at the base of the brain?

  • AThyroid gland
  • BPituitary gland
  • CAdrenal gland
  • DSalivary gland

Q9:

What term is given to the structures in the body that hormones act on?

  • ATarget organs
  • BReceptor tissues
  • CGlandular organs
  • DTemporal organs

Q10:

What endocrine gland releases the majority of the testosterone found in males?

  • ATestes
  • BThyroid
  • CPancreas
  • DOvaries
  • EPituitary

Q11:

Which hormone is responsible for the development of secondary sexual characteristics and sperm production in males?

  • AProgesterone
  • BTestosterone
  • CEstrogen
  • DAdrenaline
  • EInsulin

Q12:

Which of the following tables correctly compares the characteristics of the nervous system and the endocrine system?

  • A
    SystemType of SignalSpeed of TransmissionRoute of TransmissionDuration of Response
    NervousChemical messengerFastAlong neuronsShort
    EndocrineElectrical impulse SlowThrough bloodstreamLong lasting
  • B
    SystemType of Signal Speed of TransmissionRoute of TransmissionDuration of Response
    NervousElectrical impulse and chemical messengerFastAlong neuronsShort
    EndocrineChemical messengerSlowThrough bloodstreamLong lasting
  • C
    SystemType of SignalSpeed of TransmissionRoute of TransmissionDuration of Response
    NervousElectrical impulseFastThrough bloodstreamShort
    EndocrineChemical messengerSlowAlong neuronsLong lasting
  • D
    SystemType of SignalSpeed of TransmissionRoute of TransmissionDuration of Response
    EndocrineElectrical impulseFastThrough bloodstreamShort
    NervousChemical messenger and electrical impulseSlowAlong neuronsLong lasting
  • E
    SystemType of SignalSpeed of TransmissionRoute of TransmissionDuration of Response
    NervousElectrical impulse and chemical messengerSlowThrough bloodstreamLong lasting
    EndocrineChemical messengerFastAlong neuronsShort

Q13:

The diagram shows a basic outline of the major endocrine glands in the body.

What endocrine gland is represented by label A?

  • APituitary gland
  • BThyroid gland
  • CPancreas
  • DAdrenal gland

What endocrine gland is represented by label B?

  • APituitary gland
  • BAdrenal gland
  • CPancreas
  • DThyroid gland

What endocrine gland is represented by label C?

  • AOvaries
  • BPituitary gland
  • CAdrenal gland
  • DThyroid gland

What endocrine gland is represented by label D?

  • AOvaries
  • BAdrenal gland
  • CThyroid gland
  • DPancreas

Nagwa uses cookies to ensure you get the best experience on our website. Learn more about our Privacy Policy.