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Lesson Worksheet: Skepticism Philosophy
In this worksheet, we will practice explaining skepticism as a philosophical thinking skill.
Fill in the blank: “If you would , it is necessary that at least once in your life, you doubt, as far as possible, all things.”
- Abe satisfied with your beliefs
- Bbe a real seeker after truth
- Cbe annoying to your friends
- Dbe able to win arguments
- Eshow your opponents why they are wrong
Which of the following thinkers was the pioneer of methodological skepticism in modern Western thought?
- DRené Descartes
- EG. E. Moore
There is a difference between methodological skepticism and absolute skepticism. Which of the following defines methodological skepticism?
- ASubmitting prior beliefs to doubt to determine what can be known with certainty
- BCasting doubt on beliefs one at a time
- CAcknowledging the impossibility of any knowledge at all
- DDenying the existence of God
- EDemanding that other people justify their beliefs
What should we do when we cannot find good enough reasons to support our beliefs?
- AWe should pretend that it does not matter.
- BWe should indiscriminately attack any opposing reasons.
- CWe should give them up.
- DWe should ignore reasons against them.
- EWe should insist that they are true.
Why did Descartes claim that it is important to ensure that none of our beliefs are faulty?
- ABecause being wrong is a bad habit to get into
- BBecause it makes people take us less seriously
- CBecause our beliefs depend on one another
- DBecause Descartes found being wrong too embarrassing
- EHe did not; Descartes believed that it is OK to have some faulty beliefs.
What was the title of al-Ghazali’s spiritual autobiography?
- AThe Incoherence of the Incoherence
- BFreedom from Worry
- CDeliverance from Error
- DPreponderance of Evidence
- EThe Incoherence of the Philosophers
After demolishing all of his formerly held opinions, what was the first thing that Descartes could be absolutely certain of?
- AThe existence of God
- BThat one plus one equals two
- CHis own hands held out in front of him
- DHis own existence
- EThe reality of the world
Which of the following thinkers was the pioneer of methodological skepticism in Islamic thought?
- BIbn Sina
- CIbn Arabi
- EIbn Rushd
Which of the following attributes is important for philosophical debates?
- AEagerness to please
- BThe inclination to avoid embarrassment
- CA desire to win
- DA desire to get to the truth
What is skeptical suspension of judgment?
- ADenying the importance of a question
- BRefraining from holding beliefs
- CRefusing to think about a question
- DInsisting on a belief that cannot be justified
- EHolding two opposing positions simultaneously