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Worksheet: Keeping Healthy

Q1:

If you are fit, you are able to cope with the demands of everyday life. There are four measures of fitness: strength, speed, stamina, and suppleness.

What does stamina mean?

  • AThe ability to move quickly in short bursts
  • BThe ability to lift heavy weights
  • CThe range of movement in a person’s joints
  • DThe ability to do the same activity for a long time

Q2:

Approximately how many glasses of fluids (preferably water) should you drink daily?

  • A3–4
  • B1–2
  • C5–6
  • D7–8

Q3:

Aerobic activities increase cardiorespiratory fitness. Which of the activities listed is a form of aerobic exercise?

  • ABowling
  • BYoga
  • CClimbing a tree
  • DSwimming

Q4:

Carbohydrates provide our bodies with energy. Approximately what percentage of our diet should be carbohydrates?

  • A75%
  • B50%
  • C90%
  • D45%

Q5:

Which of the following is not a benefit of exercise?

  • AIncreased life expectancy.
  • BImproved mental health and mood.
  • CReduced risk of heart disease.
  • DImproved strength of teeth.

Q6:

Calcium helps maintain healthy bones and teeth. Which of the following foods is the best source of calcium?

  • ABread
  • BBanana
  • CSausages
  • DYogurt

Q7:

Vitamin A is found in carrots, broccoli, and other vegetables. What does the body use vitamin A for?

  • AIt builds muscle.
  • BIt makes bones strong.
  • CIt helps fight infections.
  • DIt improves eyesight.

Q8:

The table shows the energy content in some of the main food groups.

Food Group Fiber Fat Protein Carbohydrate
Energy per Gram (kilojoules) 8 37 17 17

Which food group contains the most energy per gram?

  • AProtein
  • BFiber
  • CCarbohydrates
  • DFat

Q9:

Protein is found in food such as chicken and fish. What is the main reason that our bodies need protein?

  • ATo build and maintain our eyesight
  • BTo build and maintain strong bones and teeth
  • CTo build and maintain our digestive system
  • DTo build and maintain healthy body tissue

Q10:

Why does smoking increase the risk of heart disease?

  • AIt lowers your cholesterol levels.
  • BIt causes low blood pressure.
  • CIt causes the arteries to soften and improves blood flow.
  • DIt causes the arteries to thicken and harden.

Q11:

Bone-strengthening activities produce a force on the bones of the body that promotes bone growth and strength.

This force is commonly produced by the impact with the ground. Running is an example of a bone-strengthening activity. Which of the following is also a bone-strengthening activity?

  • AReading a book
  • BKnitting
  • CPlaying video games
  • DBasketball

Q12:

The image shows the nutritional value of fried chicken.

Use the table to find the amount of fat, per 100 g, of fried chicken.

Which of the following is the healthiest way to cook chicken, which would help reduce the amount of fat in your diet?

  • AGrill
  • BDeep fry
  • CShallow fry