In this worksheet, we will practice using the Maxwell–Boltzmann distribution to describe temperature effects on the speeds of ideal gas particles.
Which of the following statements is incorrect?
- AThe ratio of the most probable speed to the mean speed has the same value for all gases at all temperatures.
- BThe average kinetic energy of the molecules in a gas is independent of the molecular mass.
- CDerivation of the ideal-gas equation-of-state from the kinetic-molecular theory of gases requires that the gas molecules be treated as non-interacting point masses.
- DThe most probable value of a velocity component is equal to the most probable speed of the molecules in a dilute gas.