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Worksheet: Soil


Pick the sentence that tells us what soil is made from.

  • AOnly minerals
  • BOnly decayed plants and animals
  • COnly rocks
  • DRocks, decayed plants, minerals, and decayed animals


What is humus?

  • AA human leg bone
  • BA dip made from chickpeas
  • CDead plants
  • DDecomposed organic matter


Why is humus an important part of soil?

  • AIt helps preserve fossils.
  • BIt helps prevent soil erosion.
  • CIt adds nutrients to the soil, which help plants to grow.


Desert soil is sandy and does not contain much humus. Sand does not hold water very well and this affects the types of plants that can grow there.

Which of the plants listed is especially adapted to grow in sandy soil?

  • ARice
  • BApple tree
  • CMango
  • DCactus