Lesson Worksheet: The Rock Cycle Geology

In this worksheet, we will practice classifying rocks according to their formation into three types, igneous, metamorphic, and sedimentary, and identifying the stages of the rock cycle.


Which of the following rocks are igneous?

  • ABasalt and granite
  • BSchist and mudstone
  • CMarble and schist
  • DLimestone and sandstone
  • ESandstone and mudstone


When magma cools, it solidifies, forming igneous rocks.

Which process within the rock cycle is described by this statement?

  • AWeathering
  • BCooling and crystallization
  • CMelting
  • DLithification
  • ESedimentation


True or False: Sedimentary rocks commonly contain fossils.

  • ATrue
  • BFalse


Hydrocarbon reservoir rocks require good porosity to contain oil and gas. Which of the following rocks would make the best hydrocarbon reservoir?

  • AMarble
  • BGneiss
  • CGranite
  • DSandstone


What stages of the rock cycle are fundamental to the formation of sedimentary rocks?

  • AMelting, cooling, crystallization, and weathering
  • BLithification, metamorphism, crystallization, and transportation
  • CWeathering, transportation, sedimentation, and lithification
  • DTransportation, melting, crystallization, and cooling


True or False: Sedimentary and igneous rocks are the two rock types that can contain fossils.

  • ATrue
  • BFalse


What two processes are involved in lithification?

  • ACooling and crystallization
  • BCompaction and cementation
  • CDeposition and fossilization
  • DWeathering and sedimentation


True or False: With enough geologic time, a sedimentary rock can become a different sedimentary rock.

  • ATrue
  • BFalse


True or False: The rate of weathering is higher in warm and wet climates.

  • ATrue
  • BFalse


Which of the following rocks is sedimentary?

  • AAndesite
  • BGranite
  • CMarble
  • DMudstone
  • ESchist

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