Lesson Worksheet: Alcohol and the Body Science

In this worksheet, we will practice outlining the effects of alcohol on the body, stating the safe limits for consuming alcohol, and describing diseases caused by long term alcohol abuse.


Complete the sentence: Drinks such as beer and wine contain the drug .

  • Acaffeine
  • Bnicotine
  • Cethanol
  • Dparacetamol


The figure below shows the number of people who died from cirrhosis of the liver, in Paris, between 1935 and 1965.

During which period of time (P, Q, R, S, or T) was it difficult to get alcohol?

  • AQ
  • BP
  • CR
  • DT
  • ES


The figure shows the drinking habits of pregnant women in Australia between 2001 and 2010.

Which statement about the data is correct?

  • AFewer women did not drink during pregnancy in 2004 than in 2001.
  • BIn 2007, 60% of the women surveyed said they drank less when pregnant.
  • CThe percentage of women who drank the same or more alcohol increased during the period of the study.
  • DThe percentage of women who drank less during pregnancy decreased during the study period.
  • EThroughout the study, the percentage of women who did not drink was lower than the percentage of women who drank less alcohol during pregnancy.


Alcoholic drinks slow your reaction time. In this example, what organ in the body is being affected?

  • ALiver
  • BKidneys
  • CStomach
  • DBrain


What is an alcoholic?

  • AA person who is dependent on alcohol
  • BA type of drink that contains alcohol
  • CA person who drinks alcohol once a week
  • DA person who has given up drinking alcohol


Which statement about the health risks of long-term drinking is not true?

  • AHeavy drinkers are more likely to suffer from stomach ulcers.
  • BAlcohol reduces fertility in men but not in women.
  • CWomen who drink alcohol while pregnant are more likely to have low-birth-weight babies.
  • DDrinking alcohol while pregnant affects brain development in the fetus.
  • EDrinking large amounts of alcohol over the long term increases the risk of heart disease.


What sequence correctly shows why a fetus can be affected by a mother drinking alcohol during pregnancy?

  • AAlcohol intake mother’s digestive system mother’s circulatory system fetus’s circulatory system placenta fetus’s brain
  • BAlcohol intake mother’s circulatory system mother’s digestive system placenta fetus’s circulatory system fetus’s brain
  • CAlcohol intake mother’s digestive system mother’s circulatory system placenta fetus’s circulatory system fetus’s brain
  • DAlcohol intake mother’s digestive system placenta fetus’s circulatory system mother’s circulatory system fetus’s brain


Which symptom does not usually occur after drinking alcohol?

  • ABlurred vision
  • BHallucinations
  • CSlurred speech
  • DFeelings of happiness and relaxation
  • EPoor balance and muscle control


The alcohol content of beer, wines, and other alcoholic drinks is often given as a percentage of the whole drink. To make it easier for people to work out how much they are drinking, the alcohol content may also be written in units. One unit = 10 cm3 of pure alcohol/ethanol.

A bottle of wine contains 10% alcohol. Calculate how many units there are in a 250 cm3 glass of wine.


The figure shows how the alcohol concentration in the blood affects the chance of having a road accident.

In the UK, the legal limit for driving with alcohol in the blood is 80 mg/100 cm3.

What would the chance of having an accident be if a person drove with this amount of alcohol in their blood?

  • A15 times more likely
  • B6 times more likely
  • C3 times more likely
  • D2 times more likely

Use the figure to deduce the amount of alcohol in the blood that would make a person 10 times more likely to have an accident.

  • A100 mg/100 cm3
  • B160 mg/100 cm3
  • C120 mg/100 cm3
  • D145 mg/100 cm3

This lesson includes 4 additional questions and 2 additional question variations for subscribers.

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