Worksheet: Thermal Radiation
In this worksheet, we will practice using the Stefan–Boltzmann law to calculate the intensity of thermal radiation emitted by an object of a given temperature.
The intensity of the radiation of sunlight at a distance from the Sun of km is measured to be W/m2.
Calculate the radiative power of the Sun.
- A W
- B W
- C W
- D W
- E W
Calculate the radius of the Sun. Use a value of K for the Sun’s temperature and use a value of 1.0 for the Sun’s emissivity.
- A km
- B km
- C km
- D km
- E km
Thermal radiation from the Sun has an intensity of about 600 W/m2 at the radius of Mars’s orbit. Assume the Sun is a perfect sphere and its temperature is uniform. Ignore any greenhouse effects.
Assuming the Sun’s rays are parallel, Find the area that must be multiplied by to get the total radiation intercepted by Mars. Use a value of 3,400 km for the radius of Mars.
Find the temperature at which Mars radiates energy at the same rate. Assume that at the infrared wavelengths where it radiates, the emissivity e is 1.00.