Worksheet: Writing Addition and Subtraction Expressions

In this worksheet, we will practice writing addition and subtraction numerical expressions with multidigit numbers to express story problems.

Q1:

A mother elephant weighs 6,228 kg, and her baby weighs 1,540 kg. Using the + sign, how do you represent their total weight in kilograms?

  • A 6 , 2 2 8 + 1 , 5 4 0 + 6 , 2 2 8 + 1 , 5 4 0
  • B 6 , 2 2 8 + 1 , 5 4 0
  • C 1 , 5 4 0 + 1 , 5 4 0
  • D 6 , 2 2 8 + 6 , 2 2 8

Q2:

Liam was trying to sell his 62 toy cars in a yard sale. He sold 12 to one of his friends and later he sold 18 to one of his neighbors.

Which expression tells you how many toy cars he has left to sell?

  • A 1 2 + 1 8
  • B 6 2 + 1 2 + 1 8
  • C 6 2 1 2
  • D 6 2 1 8
  • E 6 2 1 2 1 8

Q3:

Jacob will be 89 years old in 2025. Fill in the gaps to make an expression which will tell us how old he was in 2008: .

  • A 8 9 7 2
  • B 8 9 1 7
  • C 7 2 1 7
  • D 5 5 1 7

Q4:

A mother bought two packs of sweets. One pack had 22 sweets, and the other had 18 sweets. She shared all the sweets equally between her two children. Which expression below tells you how many sweets each child received?

  • A 1 2 + 9
  • B 1 1 + 9
  • C 2 2 + 1 8
  • D 1 1 + 1 0

Q5:

Isabella read 28 pages of her book in the morning. In the evening, she read 15 more pages than she did in the morning.

Which expression tells you how many pages she read in the day?

  • A 2 8 + 2 8 1 5
  • B 2 8 + 2 8
  • C 2 8 1 5
  • D 2 8 + 2 8 + 1 5
  • E 2 8 + 1 5

Q6:

One month, Liam saved 3,221 LE and James saved 1,537 LE. The total amount that they both saved is (+)LE.

  • A 3 , 2 2 1 + 5 , 1 3 7
  • B 2 , 3 2 1 + 1 , 5 3 7
  • C 2 , 3 2 1 + 5 , 1 3 7
  • D 3 , 2 2 1 + 1 , 5 3 7

Q7:

A farmer bought 5,341 sheep and 4,438 cows. Using the sign +, how can you represent the total number of animals he bought?

  • A 5 , 3 4 1 + 5 , 3 4 1 animals
  • B 4 , 4 3 8 + 4 , 4 3 8 animals
  • C 5 , 3 4 1 + 4 , 4 3 8 animals
  • D 5 , 3 4 1 + 4 , 4 3 8 + 5 , 3 4 1 + 4 , 4 3 8 animals

Q8:

To get to an event, 3,237 people traveled by train, and 2,641 people traveled by car. Use the plus sign (+) to write an expression for the total number of people.

  • A 3 , 2 3 7 + 2 , 6 4 1
  • B 2 , 6 4 1 + 2 , 6 4 1
  • C 3 , 2 3 7 + 2 , 6 4 1 + 3 , 2 3 7 + 2 , 6 4 1
  • D 3 , 2 3 7 + 3 , 2 3 7

Q9:

Fill in the blank: James paid 32,301 LE for a house and 55,210 LE for a car. The total price for both was (32,30155,210)LE.

  • A ÷
  • B ×
  • C +
  • D

Q10:

Fill in the blank: Anthony has 71,144 LE and Mason has 5,050 LE. Together they have (71,1445,050)LE.

  • A ÷
  • B
  • C ×
  • D +

Q11:

A company bought two cars for 64,462 LE each and a motorbike for 11,231 LE. Write an expression for the total price using the + symbol.

  • A 6 4 , 4 6 2 + 1 1 , 2 3 1
  • B 6 4 , 4 6 2 + 6 4 , 4 6 2
  • C 6 4 , 4 6 2 + 6 4 , 4 6 2 + 1 1 , 2 3 1
  • D 6 4 , 4 6 2 + 1 1 , 2 3 1 + 1 1 , 2 3 1

Q12:

A ship sailed 3,002 km to port A and then 4,625 km to port B. Use the + sign to write an expression for the total distance the ship traveled in kilometers.

  • A 4 , 6 2 5 + 4 , 6 2 5
  • B 3 , 0 0 2 + 3 , 0 0 2
  • C 3 , 0 0 2 + 4 , 6 2 5
  • D 3 , 0 0 2 + 4 , 6 2 5 + 3 , 0 0 2 + 4 , 6 2 5

Q13:

David bought a toy for 240 LE and a bicycle for 630 LE. Use the + symbol to write an expression for the amount of money David spent.

  • A 2 4 0 + 6 3 0 + 2 4 0 + 6 3 0
  • B 2 4 0 + 2 4 0
  • C 6 3 0 + 6 3 0
  • D 2 4 0 + 6 3 0

Q14:

A school has 548 students, and another one has 340 students. Using the sign +, how can the total number of students in both schools be represented?

  • A 5 4 8 + 3 4 0 + 5 4 8 + 3 4 0 students
  • B 3 4 0 + 3 4 0 students
  • C 5 4 8 + 3 4 0 students
  • D 5 4 8 + 5 4 8 students

Q15:

A television costs 3,417 LE. Use the + symbol to write an expression for the price of two televisions.

  • A 3 , 4 1 7 + 3 , 4 1 7
  • B 3 , 4 1 7 + 3 , 4 1 7 + 3 , 4 1 7 + 3 , 4 1 7
  • C 3 , 4 1 7 + 3 , 4 1 7 + 3 , 4 1 7
  • D 3 , 4 1 7 + 3 , 4 1 7 + 3 , 4 1 7 + 3 , 4 1 7 + 3 , 4 1 7

Q16:

Fill in with the correct sign: Jacob bought a phone for 6,210 LE and a laptop for 1,040 LE. In total he paid (6,2101,040)LE.

  • A ×
  • B ÷
  • C
  • D +

Q17:

A man has 24‎ ‎543 LE. He wants to buy a flat that costs 37‎ ‎589 LE. Write the operation that will tell him how much more money he needs.

  • A 2 4 5 4 3 3 7 5 8 9
  • B 3 7 5 8 9 2 4 5 4 3
  • C 3 7 5 8 9 + 2 4 5 4 3
  • D 2 4 5 4 3 + 3 7 5 8 9

Q18:

A person had 50,257 LE and bought a house for 12,522 LE. Write the correct symbol in the gap so he can calculate how much money he has left: (50,25712,522).

  • A ÷
  • B ×
  • C
  • D +

Q19:

A girl had 4‎ ‎476 LE and then bought a mobile phone for 2‎ ‎300 LE. Write the correct symbol in the gap so she can calculate how much money she has left: (44762300).LE

  • A
  • B ×
  • C +
  • D ÷

Q20:

William paid 5,354 LE for a vacation. The flights cost 2,402 LE and the rest was for the hotel. Write an expression describing how much he paid for the hotel.

  • A 2 , 4 0 2 5 , 3 5 4
  • B 5 , 3 5 4 2 , 4 0 2

Q21:

A woman had 83,810 LE and then she spent 6,034 LE. Write the correct symbol in the gap so she can calculate how much money she has left: (83,8106,034).

  • A ÷
  • B +
  • C ×
  • D

Q22:

Determine which of the following can be solved using the expression 47.

Case 1: Describe how the number of coins in a jar changes after Hannah took 4 coins from the jar and her brother added 7 coins.

Case 2: Describe how the number of coins in a jar changes after Hannah added 4 coins to the jar and then her brother took 7 coins.

  • AOnly Case 1
  • BNeither Case 1 nor Case 2
  • CBoth Case 1 and Case 2
  • DOnly Case 2

Q23:

William bought a house for 82,676 LE and sold it for 93,896 LE. Write an expression for the profit using the subtraction () symbol.

  • A 9 3 , 8 9 6 8 2 , 6 7 6
  • B 8 2 , 6 7 6 9 3 , 8 9 6

Q24:

Observe the calculation shown on the number line.

Write a subtraction expression matching the calculation.

  • A 0 . 7 5 ( 0 . 5 )
  • B 0 . 7 5 0 . 5
  • C 0 . 7 5 0 . 2 5
  • D 0 . 7 5 ( 0 . 2 5 )
  • E 0 . 2 5 0 . 7 5

Convert the subtraction expression to an addition expression.

  • A 0 . 7 5 + 0 . 5
  • B 0 . 7 5 + ( 0 . 5 )
  • C 0 . 7 5 + 0 . 2 5
  • D 0 . 7 5 + ( 0 . 2 5 )
  • E 0 . 2 5 + ( 0 . 7 5 )

Q25:

Liam jumped from a ramp 5 meters high into the water and ended up 10 meters below the surface.

Write an addition expression that describes the distance he traveled.

  • A 5 + ( 1 0 )
  • B ( 1 0 ) + ( 5 )
  • C 5 + 1 0

Write a subtraction expression that describes the distance he traveled.

  • A 5 ( 1 0 )
  • B ( 1 0 ) 5
  • C 5 1 0

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