Lesson Worksheet: Behavioural Adaptations Science

In this worksheet, we will practice defining a behavioural adaptation, describing examples of behavioural adaptations in animals, and explaining how they aid survival.

Q1:

Adaptations can be divided into three different types: structural, functional, and behavioral. Which of the following best describes what a behavioral adaptation is?

  • AA change in activity that helps the organism survive, for example, birds migrating to warmer climates in the winter
  • BA physical feature of an organism that helps it survive in its environment, for example, a predator having sharp claws
  • CA specific function that part of the organism’s body carries out to help it survive, for example, a human sweating when they are too hot

Q2:

In the hottest part of the day, lizards shelter from the hot sun by burrowing under sand. What benefit does this behavioral adaptation provide?

Lizards shelter from the hot sun by burrowing under sand
  • AIt allows the lizard to hunt effectively.
  • BIt increases the lizard’s rate of digestion.
  • CIt prevents the lizard from overheating.
  • DIt provides new food sources for the lizard.

Q3:

Which of the following is an example of a behavioral adaptation?

  • ABirds migrating in the winter
  • BThe large ears of a fennec fox that allow heat loss
  • CA stick insect camouflaging to its surroundings
  • DThe long beak of a hummingbird used to extract nectar from flowers

Q4:

Which of the following is a behavioral adaptation that would benefit an organism living in a seasonal environment?

  • AThe ability to hibernate during the winter months
  • BSpikes and thorns to protect it from predators
  • CLarge ears and feet to lose heat from
  • DA thick layer of blubber under the skin

Q5:

During summer, desert animals shelter from very hot temperatures in burrows or under the sand. What term is given to this behavior?

  • AEstivation
  • BHibernation
  • CGestation
  • DMigration
  • EGermination

Q6:

During winter, some animals shelter from cold temperatures in burrows or caves and stop their normal activities, like eating. What term is given to this behavior?

  • AMigration
  • BHibernation
  • CGermination
  • DGestation
  • EEstivation

Q7:

Some examples of behavioral adaptations are listed below:

  1. Birds can migrate to warmer climates during winter months.
  2. Reptiles in the desert shelter in the shade during the hottest part of the day.
  3. Some mammals undergo hibernation during winter.
  4. Some species are only active at night (nocturnal).

Which of these behavioral adaptations can actively help an organism find food?

  • A2 and 3
  • B1 only
  • C2 and 4
  • D1 and 4

Q8:

A puffer fish can swallow huge amounts of water, or air, to blow itself up and dramatically increase its size. What benefit does this behavioral adaptation provide?

Blowfish-diodon-puffer fish-72ppi
  • AIt intimidates predators of the puffer fish.
  • BIt lowers the body temperature of the puffer fish.
  • CIt allows the puffer fish to camouflage.
  • DIt hypnotizes the prey of the puffer fish.

Q9:

Some examples of behavioral adaptations are listed below:

  1. Birds can migrate to warmer climates during winter months.
  2. Reptiles in the desert shelter in the shade during the hottest part of the day.
  3. Some mammals undergo hibernation during winter.
  4. If threatened, an octopus can squirt ink into the water to hide itself.

Which of these behavioral adaptations will help an organism adapt to a change in temperature?

  • A3 only
  • B1, 2, and 3
  • C2 only
  • D2 and 4

Q10:

Swallows (shown in the picture) that inhabit the UK during the spring and summer fly to southern Africa during the cold UK winters. What term is given to this behavior?

Swallow, Hirundo rustica, single bird in flight, Norfolk, UK
  • AGestation
  • BEstivation
  • CMigration
  • DHibernation
  • EGermination

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