Worksheet: Motion Induced emf
In this worksheet, we will practice using Faraday’s law and Lenz’s law to calculate the emf induced in a conductor that is moving within a magnetic field.
The conducting rod shown in the accompanying figure moves along parallel metal rails that are 25 cm apart. The system is in a uniform magnetic field of strength 0.75 T, which is directed into the screen. The resistances of the rod and the rails are negligible, but the section has a resistance of 0.25 Ω.
What is the magnitude of the emf induced in the rod when it is moving to the right with a speed of 5.0 m/s?
What force is required to keep the rod moving with a speed of 5.0 m/s?
What is the rate at which work is done by the force required to keep the rod moving with a speed of 5.0 m/s?
What is the power dissipated in the resistor?
A 500-turn coil has an 0.250-m2 area. The coil is spun in Earth’s magnetic field and a 12.0-kV maximum emf is induced in the coil. Find the angular speed at which the coil must be spun to induce this emf. Use a value of T for the Earth’s magnetic field magnitude.
- A rad/s
- B rad/s
- C rad/s
- D rad/s
- E rad/s
A 25 cm rod moves at 5.0 m/s in a plane perpendicular to a magnetic field of strength 0.25 T. The rod, velocity vector, and magnetic field vector are mutually perpendicular, as indicated in the accompanying figure.
Calculate the magnetic force on an electron in the rod.
Calculate the electric field in the rod.
Calculate the potential difference between the ends of the rod.
What would the speed of the rod if the potential difference between the ends of the rod was 1.0 V be?