Worksheet: Distances between Points and Straight Lines or Planes

In this worksheet, we will practice calculating the perpendicular distance between a point and a straight line or between a point and a plane using a formula for each distance.

Q1:

Find, to one decimal place, the perpendicular distance from point (3,4,0) to the line on points (1,3,1) and (4,3,2).

Q2:

Find the distance from the point 𝑄=(0,2,0) to the plane 𝑃5𝑥+2𝑦7𝑧+1=0. Give the result correct to three decimal places.

Q3:

Determine the length of the perpendicular from a point 𝐴(0,0) to the line 𝑎𝑥+𝑏𝑦+𝑐=0.

  • A|𝑐|𝑎+𝑏
  • B2|𝑐|𝑎+𝑏
  • C|𝑐|𝑎×2+𝑏×2
  • D|𝑐|2𝑎×2+𝑏×2
  • E|𝑐|𝑎+𝑏

Q4:

Find the distance between the point (2,1,3) and the plane r2,2,1=3.

  • A1length unit
  • B13length units
  • C23length units
  • D2length units

Q5:

Find the distance between the two planes 𝑥2𝑦2𝑧=2 and 2𝑥4𝑦4𝑧=3.

  • A710length unit
  • B76length units
  • C25length unit
  • D23length unit

Q6:

Find the distance from the point 𝑄=(4,1,2) to the plane 𝑃: 3𝑥𝑦5𝑧+8=0, giving your answer to two decimal places.

Q7:

Find, correct to two decimal places, the distance 𝑑 from the point 𝑃=(1,1,1) to the line 𝐿𝑥=22𝑡,𝑦=4𝑡,𝑧=7+𝑡:.

Q8:

Find, correct to two decimal places, the distance from the point 𝑃=(0,0,0) to the line 𝐿𝑥=3+2𝑡,𝑦=4+3𝑡,𝑧=5+4𝑡.

Q9:

Find the length of the perpendicular from the point (5,7) to the straight line r=7,6+𝑠5,7.

  • A8936
  • B897474
  • C197474
  • D8974

Q10:

Find the length of the perpendicular from the origin to the straight line r=7,9+𝑠5,5.

  • A810
  • B82
  • C2
  • D85

Q11:

How far from the 𝑦𝑧-plane is the point (16,13,20)?

Q12:

Find the distance between the point (5,8,6) and the plane 2𝑥+𝑦+2𝑧=7.

  • A17125 length units
  • B179 length units
  • C173 length units
  • D17 length units

Q13:

Find, to one decimal place, the perpendicular distance from point (3,3,2) to the line on points (2,0,4) and (0,5,2).

Q14:

Find, to one decimal place, the perpendicular distance from point (4,1,3) to the line on points (0,4,4) and (5,4,3).

Q15:

Find the distance between the point (4,2,2) and the plane r2,2,1=4.

  • A103length units
  • B109length units
  • C23length units
  • D2length units

Q16:

Find the distance between the point (3,2,4) and the plane r4,2,4=16.

  • A43length units
  • B29length units
  • C23length units
  • D4length units

Q17:

Let 𝐿 be the line through point (7,5,5) in the direction of vector (2,4,9). Find the distance between 𝐿 and the point (2,6,6), to the nearest hundredth.

Q18:

Let 𝐿 be the line through the point (6,8,9) that makes equal angles with the three coordinate axes. What is the distance between the point (4,5,3) and 𝐿, to the nearest hundredth.

Q19:

Determine, to the nearest hundredth, the length of the perpendicular drawn from the point (5,7,10) to the straight line 𝑥+82=𝑦98=𝑧+78.

Q20:

Determine, to the nearest hundredth, the distance between the point (7,5,4) and the straight line passing through the point (0,2,2) with direction ratios (9,7,5).

Q21:

Find the length of the perpendicular drawn from point 𝐴(8,1,10) to the straight line r=1,2,7+𝑡9,9,6 rounded to the nearest hundredth.

Q22:

Find, to the nearest hundredth, the distance between the parallel lines 𝐿𝑥+79=𝑦+15=𝑧76 and 𝐿𝑥+39=𝑦+105=𝑧+106.

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