Lesson Worksheet: Real and Complex Roots of Polynomials Mathematics

In this worksheet, we will practice finding the number and type of roots of polynomials and finding unknown coefficients if the roots are given.

Q1:

If 𝑎+𝑏𝑖 is a root of the polynomial 𝑓(𝑥), what is the value of 𝑓(𝑎+𝑏𝑖)?

Q2:

Does the polynomial 𝑎𝑧+𝑏𝑧+𝑐𝑧+𝑑𝑧+𝑒𝑧+𝑓, where 𝑎 is nonzero and all the coefficients are real, have at least one real root?

  • ANo
  • BYes
  • CThe answer cannot be determined.

Q3:

If 𝑎+𝑏𝑖 is a root of the equation 𝑓(𝑥)=0, where 𝑓(𝑥) is a polynomial with real coefficients, which other complex number must also be a root?

  • A𝑏𝑎𝑖
  • B𝑏+𝑎𝑖
  • C𝑎𝑏𝑖
  • D𝑎+𝑏𝑖
  • E𝑎𝑏𝑖

Q4:

Is it possible for a polynomial with real coefficients to have exactly 3 nonreal roots?

  • ANo
  • BYes

Q5:

How many roots does the polynomial (3𝑥1)(𝑥+4𝑥2) have?

Q6:

How many real roots could the polynomial 𝑝(𝑥)=𝑎𝑥+𝑏𝑥+𝑐𝑥+𝑑𝑥+𝑒𝑥+𝑓 have given that 𝑎,𝑏,𝑐,𝑑,𝑒, and 𝑓 are all real?

  • Aonly 2
  • B5, 3, or 1
  • Conly 1
  • D4 or 2
  • E4, 2, or 1

Q7:

Determine the type of the roots of the equation (𝑥10)(𝑥+10)=2(𝑥+8)(𝑥+6).

  • Acomplex and not real
  • Breal and equal
  • Creal and different

Q8:

Determine the type of the roots of the equation 𝑥+4𝑥+1=3.

  • Areal and different
  • Bcomplex and not real
  • Creal and equal

Q9:

Solve the equation 𝑥+1=0, 𝑥.

  • A12+32𝑖,1232𝑖,1
  • B12+32𝑖,12+32𝑖,1
  • C12+32𝑖,1,1232𝑖
  • D12+32𝑖

Q10:

Given that 2 is one of the roots of the equation 𝑥+6𝑥+20=0, find the other two roots.

  • A2±6𝑖
  • B6±2𝑖
  • C1±3𝑖
  • D3±𝑖

Q11:

Find the solution set of 𝑥+16=0 in the set of complex numbers.

  • A{2,2,4𝑖,4𝑖}
  • B{2,2}
  • C{4,4𝑖}
  • D{2,2𝑖}
  • E{2,2,2𝑖,2𝑖}

Q12:

Given that 𝑖 is one of the roots of the equation 𝑥5𝑥+𝑥5=0, find the other two roots.

  • A1 and 5
  • B𝑖 and 0
  • C𝑖 and 5
  • D1 and 5
  • E𝑖 and 5

Q13:

Given that 2+𝑖3 is a root of 𝑥12𝑥+55𝑥120𝑥+112=0, find all the roots.

  • A𝑥=4, 2+𝑖3, 2𝑖3
  • B𝑥=4, 3+𝑖2, 3𝑖2
  • C𝑥=4, 2+𝑖3, 2𝑖3
  • D𝑥=4, 3+𝑖2, 3𝑖2
  • E𝑥=4, 2+11, 211

Q14:

Determine the type of the roots of the equation (2𝑥4)+17=0.

  • Areal and different
  • Breal and equal
  • Ccomplex and not real

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