Lesson Worksheet: Solids, Liquids, and Gases Science

In this worksheet, we will practice identifying the three common states of matter and describing and comparing the properties of solids, liquids, and gases.


A solid, a liquid, and a gas are placed into separate but identical closed containers. The solid, the liquid, and the gas are composed of exactly the same number of particles.

In which container will the particles occupy the largest volume?

  • AThe container with the liquid
  • BThe container with the solid
  • CThe container with the gas

The density of a substance can be calculated by dividing its mass by its volume. Assuming the solid, the liquid, and the gas have the same mass, which has the greatest density?

  • AThe solid
  • BThe gas
  • CThe liquid


The table below describes the shape and volume for each state of matter. What is the correct pairing between each column and state of matter?

VolumeDefinite volumeDefinite volumeNot definite; fills the container
ShapeMatches the containerDefinite shapeTakes the shape of the container
  • AA: liquid, B: solid, C: gas
  • BA: gas, B: solid, C: liquid
  • CA: solid, B: liquid, C: gas
  • DA: solid, B: gas, C: liquid
  • EA: liquid, B: gas, C: solid


Which of the diagrams below shows the typical arrangement of particles in a solid?

  • A
  • B
  • C
  • D
  • E


The diagram below shows three different arrangements of particles. Which arrangement would you expect a solid to have?

  • AA
  • BB
  • CC


The diagram below shows a chemistry experiment. Which label shows a solid?

  • AA
  • BC
  • CB


A sample of a pale-green gas is added to the odd-shaped container shown below and then sealed. Which image shows how the gas will occupy the container?

  • A
  • B
  • C
  • D
  • E


In an experiment, a measuring cylinder is filled to 25 cm3 with metal ball bearings and another is filled to 25 cm3 with sand. The sand is then added to the measuring cylinder with the metal ball bearings. What is the total volume of the mixture of sand and metal ball bearings?

  • ALess than 50 cm3
  • BMore than 50 cm3
  • CExactly 50 cm3


Which of the images below correspond to a solid, a liquid, and a gas?

  • AA: solid, B: gas, C: liquid
  • BA: gas, B: solid, C: liquid
  • CA: liquid, B: solid, C: gas
  • DA: liquid, B: gas, C: solid
  • EA: solid, B: liquid, C: gas


A few drops of a water-based dye are added to a beaker of water. The beaker is then left for 10 minutes. What will the beaker of water look like after this time?

  • A
  • B
  • C
  • D
  • E


What is the correct order, from strongest to weakest, for the attractive forces in solids, liquids, and gases?

  • AGases, solids, liquids
  • BSolids, liquids, gases
  • CSolids, gases, liquids
  • DGases, liquids, solids
  • ELiquids, solids, gases

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